Definition: the process of reducing the volume of voids, air pockets, and entrapped air in a fresh cementitious mixture, usually accomplished by inputting mechanical energy.- ACI Concrete Terminology

Consolidation is the process of inducing a closer arrangement of the solid particles in freshly mixed concrete or mortar during placement by the reduction of voids, usually by vibration, centrifugation, rodding, tamping, or some combinations of these actions. Consolidation is needed because a mass of freshly placed concrete is usually honeycombed with entrapped air voids that are larger than the intentionally entrained air voids. If allowed to harden in this condition, the concrete will be nonuniform, weak, porous, and poorly bonded to the reinforcement. It will also have a poor appearance.

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Practice oriented papers and articles ON CONSOLIDATION OF CONCRETE

Reinforcement Congestion in Cast-in-Place Concrete

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 12/1/2022

Numerical Investigation on Mechanical Splices for GFRP Reinforcing Bars

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 10/1/2022

Effect of Morphological Characteristics on the Viscosity of Cementitious Materials: Optimization of the Rheological Behavior of Ternary Cements

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 4/22/2021

Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) for Durable Bridge Decks

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 12/11/2019

Is this the Concrete Mix You Want?

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 7/1/2019

Reinforced Concrete Antenna Pedestal

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 4/1/2018

What Do We Mean by “Setting?”

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 8/1/2016

Use of Self-consolidating Concrete and High Volume Fly Ash Concrete in Missouri Bridge A7957

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 10/27/2015

Shotcrete Placed in Multiple Layers does NOT Create Cold Joints

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 12/1/2014

Concrete Q & A: Consolidation of Concrete—Required or Not?

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 6/1/2014

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