SP-361: Concrete and Cement-Based Composites for Sustainable Built Environments

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Concrete has played a pivotal role in shaping the modern world’s infrastructure and the built environment. Its unparalleled versatility, durability, and structural integrity have made it indispensable in the construction industry. From skyscrapers to long-span bridges, water reservoirs, dams, and highways, the ubiquitous presence of concrete in modern society underscores its significance in global development. As we stand at the crossroads of environmental awareness and the imperative to advance our societies, the sustainability of concrete production and utilization is becoming a new engineering paradigm.

The immense demand for concrete, driven by urbanization and infrastructure development, has prompted a critical examination of its environmental impact. One of the most pressing concerns is the substantial carbon footprint associated with traditional concrete production. The production of cement, a key ingredient in concrete, is a notably energy-intensive process that releases a significant amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. As concrete remains unparalleled in its ability to provide structural functionality, disaster resilience, and containment of hazardous materials, the demand for concrete production is increasing, while at the same time, the industry is facing the urgency to mitigate its ecological consequences.

This special publication investigates the multi-faceted realm of concrete sustainability, exploring the interplay between its engineering properties, environmental implications, and novel solutions, striving to provide an innovative and holistic perspective.

In recent years, the concrete industry has witnessed a surge of innovation and research aimed at revolutionizing its sustainability. An array of cutting-edge technologies and methodologies has emerged, each offering promise in mitigating the environmental footprint of concrete. Notably, the integration of supplementary cementitious materials, such as calcined clays and other industrial byproducts, has gained traction to reduce cement content while enhancing concrete performance. Mix design optimization, coupled with advanced admixtures, further elevates the potential for creating durable, strong, and eco-friendly concrete mixtures.

Concrete practitioners will gain an advanced understanding of a wide variety of strategies that are readily implementable and oftentimes associated with economic savings and durability enhancement from reading these manuscripts. The incorporation of recycled materials, such as crushed concrete and reclaimed aggregates, not only reduces waste but also lessens the demand for virgin resources. Furthermore, the adoption of efficient production techniques, along with the exploration of carbon capture and utilization technologies, presents an optimistic path forward for the industry.

This special publication aspires to contribute to the ongoing discourse on concrete sustainability, offering insights, perspectives, and actionable pathways toward a more environmentally conscious future.


Document Details

Author: ACI Committees ACI Committees 130 and E702

Publication Year: 2023

Pages: 116

ISBN: 9781641952453

Formats: Protected PDF/Web View

Table of Contents


Functional Equivalency in the Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Solid Waste Concrete: Implication of Mechanical Performance and Durability

Authors: Alireza Haji Hossein, Hessam AzariJafari, and Rahil Khoshnazar



Readily Implementable Sustainable Solutions for Pavement Concretes: Agency and

Industry Perspective

Authors: Michelle A. Helsel, Milena Rangelov, Robert Spragg, and Michael Praul



The Key Role of Limestone Calcined Clay Cements on the Roadmap towards Eco-Efficient

Cement and Concrete

Authors: Franco Zunino and Karen L. Scrivener



Engineering Properties of Concrete with Extruded Waste Recycled Plastic Aggregate

as a Partial Coarse Aggregate Replacement

Authors: Kimberly Waggle Kramer, Lauren Costello, Katie Loughmiller, and Christopher Jones



Harnessing Tannery Sludge for Sustainable Fly Ash Brick Development

Authors: P.V.Premalatha, L.K.Rex, and P.Shahul Hameed



Concrete Testing Case for Closure of Handford’s 241-C Underground Storage Tanks

Authors: Michelle L. Hendrickson, Christine A. Langton, and Joan Q. Wu



Synthetic Macrofiber: Material Key to Enhancing Infrastructure Sustainability

Authors: Julie K. Buffenbarger, Michael A. Mahoney, and Hessam AzariJaFari



Any applicable errata are included with individual documents at the time of purchase. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the ACI Collection. For a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page.

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