The First American Concrete Institute (ACI) and Japan Concrete Institute (JCI) joint seminar was conceived as a vehicle for promoting collaboration and cooperation between two organizations that are dedicated to the global advancement of concrete technology. In September 2012 ACI President James Wight, and ACI Executive Vice President Ronald Burg, visited the headquarters of JCI and discussed ways to promote collaboration between ACI and JCI with JCI President Taketo Uomoto and JCI Executive Directors. A joint ACI and JCI technical seminar was proposed as a way to share knowledge and foster collaboration between the two organizations. Subsequent discussions between Ronald Burg and JCI Executive Director Kyuichi Maruyama led to a joint seminar planning meeting, held at the ACI convention in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in April 2013.
This volume contains the technical papers presented at the First ACI & JCI Joint Seminar, held in Waimea, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii, July 16 to 18, 2014. The theme of the joint seminar was “Design of Concrete Structures Against Earthquake and Tsunami Disasters.” Five papers were presented by authors from ACI, and five papers from JCI. Three papers are related to tsunami loads and structural design requirements, and seven are related to seismic analysis and design.
The three papers on tsunami effects included a summary by Nakano of structural design requirements for tsunami evacuation buildings in Japan; an overview by Chock of the new tsunami load and design requirements in the United States; and a study by Maruyama et al. on the evaluation of tsunami forces acting on bridge girders.
The seven papers on seismic effects addressed topics ranging from seismic design standards to innovative methods of construction for seismic retrofit. Parra-Montesinos et al. presented the results of experiments on fiber-reinforced coupling beams, as well as design guidelines. Teshigawara discussed JCI contributions to the ISO Standard for seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing concrete structures. A summary of a project on the use of high-strength reinforcement for seismic design was presented by Kelly et al., including findings that are based on extensive prior research on high-strength reinforcement in Japan. Shiohara described the results of a study that supports the new Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ) Standard for Seismic Capacity Calculation, with a focus on beam-column joints and collapse simulation. Matamoros presented a study of factors that affect drift ratio at axial failure of nonductile reinforced concrete buildings. A study of the seismic response of reinforced concrete bridge piers, including the effects of interaction between piles and soil, was presented by Maki et al. Finally, French et al. discussed an overview of lessons learned from laboratory testing of reinforced concrete shear walls.
The day after the joint seminar a meeting was held between ACI and JCI officials to discuss future collaboration and joint seminars. Representing ACI were President William E. Rushing, and the ACI Executive Vice President, Ronald Burg. Representing JCI were President Hirozo Mihashi, and Chair of the JCI Committee on JCI-ACI Collaboration, Kyuichi Maruyama. It was resolved to hold a second joint seminar, to be hosted by JCI in Tokyo, in conjunction with the 50th anniversary celebrations of the founding of JCI on July 13, 2015. In addition, subsequent discussions between ACI and JCI led to plans for the third joint seminar, to be hosted by ACI at the ACI Convention in Anaheim, California, in October 2017.
It is hoped that this collection of papers will serve to advance the state of analysis and design of concrete structures against earthquakes and tsunamis in both the United States and Japan, and that it will serve as a model for future collaboration between ACI and JCI.
Table of Contents
Structural Design Requirements for Tsunami Evacuation Buildings in Japan
Author: Yoshiaki Nakano
The ASCE 7 Tsunami Loads and Effects Design Standard for the U.S.
Author: Gary Chock
Evaluation of Tsunami Force Acting on Bridge Girders
Authors: Kyuichi Maruyama, Yasushi Tanaka, Kenji Kosa, Akira Hosoda, Taro Arikawa, Norimi Mizutani, and Tomoaki Nakamura
Elimination of Diagonal Reinforcement in Earthquake-Resistant Coupling
Beams through Use of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
Authors: G.J. Parra-Montesinos, J.K. Wight, C. Kopczynski, R.D. Lequesne, M. Setkit, A. Conforti, and J. Ferzli
JCI Activity on ISO Standard for Seismic Evaluation of Concrete Structures
Author: Masaomi Teshigawara
ATC-98 Project on Seismic Design of Concrete Structures with High-Strength Reinforcement
Authors: Dominic J. Kelly, Andres Lepage, David Mar, Jose I. Restrepo,
Joseph C. Sanders, and Andrew W. Taylor
A New AIJ standard for Seismic Capacity Calculation: Recent Advances in
Beam-Column Joint Design and Seismic Collapse Simulation on Reinforced Concrete Frame Buildings
Author: Hitoshi Shiohara
Factors that Affect the Drift at Axial Load Failure of Nonductile RC Buildings
Author: Adolfo Matamoros
Seismic Response of RC Bridge Piers Considering Soil-Pile Interaction
Authors: Takeshi Maki, Hiroshi Mutsuyoshi and Anawat Chotesuwan
Lessons Learned from Reinforced Concrete Wall Tests
Authors: Catherine E. French, Beth Brueggen, Sri Sritharan, Sriram R. Aaleti, Suzanne Dow Nakaki