SP-208: Examples for the Design of Structural Concrete with Strut-and-Tie Models

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Editor: Karl-Heinz Reineck


With the addition of the new Appendix A on strut-and-tie models in ACI 318-02, “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete,” engineers have an alternative code procedure for designing structural concrete members where the usual sectional design assumptions for flexure and shear do not apply.

ACI SP-208 contains selected papers presented at the 2002 ACI Fall Convention by members of ACI Subcommittee 445-A, Shear and Torsion: Strut-and-Tie Models. This publication shows engineers how to apply strut- and-tie modeling in accordance with Appendix A. The papers also trace the development of Appendix A of ACI 318-02 and summarize important tests that confirm strut-and-tie modeling as a rational basis for the design of structural concrete.

Most of the examples have been taken from practice. In addition to explaining the approach of determining a model, they point out where problems can occur in dimensioning or in detailing and anchoring of the reinforcement and how the design can be improved.


Document Details

Publication Year: 2002

Pages: 250

ISBN: 9780870310867

Categories: Design

Formats: PDF

Table of Contents


Part 1: Introduction

Part 2: Derivation of strut and tie models for the 2002 ACI Code

Part 3: Experimental verification of strut and tie models

Part 4: Examples

Example 1a: Deep beam design in accordance with ACI 318-2002

Example 1b: Alternative design for the non slender beam (deep beam)

Example 2: Dapped end T-beam supported by an inverted T-beam

Example 3.1: Corbel at column

Example 3.2: Double corbel

Example 4: Deep beam with opening

Example 5: Beam with indirect support and loading

Example 6: Prestressed beam

Example 7: Strut and tie model cable stayed bridge pier table

Example 8: High wall with two openings

Example 9: Pile Cap

Part 5: Modeling structural concrete with strut and tie models summarizing discussion of the examples as per Appendix A of ACI 318-2002


Any applicable errata are included with individual documents at the time of purchase. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the ACI Collection. For a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page.

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