547.1R-89: Report--Refractory Plastics and Ramming Mixes

547.1R-89: Report--Refractory Plastics and Ramming Mixes

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**WITHDRAWN DOCUMENT – This document has been discontinued by ACI and is available for informational purposes only.


This report addresses the range of current technology and application experience for refractory plastics and ramming mixes. A brief discussion of the past and present history of plastics and ramming mixes is presented to establish the usefulness and adaptability of these refractory plastic and ramming mix linings are discussed with criteria for proper selection. The general characteristics and standardized test procedures are designed to provide instruction and direction in the proper design and installation of the refractory lining. Installation, construction, proper drying procedures, and repair methods are presented to provide a reference point when deciding the details of engineering design of a furnace or the quick repair of existing equipment. Chapter 8 and 9 provide ample discussions on applications and the newest developments in the use and performance of plastics and ramming mixes in various types of industries with improved methods for installing these refractory compositions.


Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 547

Publication Year: 2017

Pages: 115


Categories: Refractory Concrete

Formats: PDF

This document is Withdrawn

Table of Contents

Chapter 1--Introduction



1.3--Glossary of terms


1.5--Status in the United States

1.6--Comparison with other refractories

Chapter 2--Constituent ingredients and manufacturing methods


2.2--Particle size/moisture level


2.4--Fine-grained additives

2.5--Binder ingredients

2.6--Manufacturing methods

Chapter 3--Characteristics and testing


3.2--Selection of a plastic refractory


3.4--Chemical analysis


3.6--Product characteristics

3.7--Engineering properties

3.8--Thermal properties

3.9--Thermal shock and spall resistance

3.10--Electrical resistivity

3.11--Abrasion/erosion resistance

3.12--Resistance to carbon monoxide

3.13--Resistance to slag attack

3.14--Status of testing procedures for plastics

Chapter 4--Criteria for selection


4.2--Choice between prefired brick and monolithic refractories

4.3--Choice between plastics and refractory concretes

4.4--Performance and end-use requirements

4.5--A recommended selection procedure

Chapter 5--Installation and construction


5.2--Support structure

5.3--Storage and preparation



5.6--Pneumatic ramming

5.7--Gunning (shotcreting)

5.8--Vibratory placement

5.9--Hand packing




5.13--Miscellaneous details


Chapter 6--Drying and firing


6.2--General drying/firing procedures

6.3--Drying/firing where forms are involved

6.4--Drying/firing--some practical considerations

6.5--Drying different types of plastics and ramming mixes

6.6--Drying/firing consideration

6.7--Modes of drying/firing


Chapter 7--Repair


7.2--Failure mechanisms and analysis

7.3--Repair options

7.4--Repairs of plastic refractories and ramming mixes

7.5--Installation procedures

7.6--Quality assurance



Chapter 8--Applications


8.2--Iron and steel

8.3--Ceramic industry

8.4--Non-ferrous metal production

8.5--Glass production

8.6--Mineral processing

8.7--Hydrocarbon processing

8.8--Power generation and incineration


Chapter 9--New developments


9.2--Installation of plastic and ramming mix refractories

9.3--Performance of plastic and ramming mix refractories

9.4--Testing of plastic and ramming mix refractories

9.5--Needed new developments and research

Chapter 10--References

10.1--Specified references

10.2--Cited references


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