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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Formulation of Optimal Strut-and-Tie Models in Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Author(s): M. A. Ali and R. N. White
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 979-998
Keywords: beam; concrete (reinf orced); strut; tie
Abstract:A new design capability for automated formulation of optimal truss models (strut-and-tie models) is presented and illustrated with example designs of a variety of disturbed regions of reinforced and pre-stressed concrete structures, including deep beams with holes, continuous beams, and comer joints. The design method selects the optimal geometry of the strut-and-tie layout, determining the proper positioning of tensile ties and compressive struts to minimize the amount of reinforcing steel needed in the tension ties of the truss model for the region being designed. Two practical parameters are under control of the design engineer running the computer program-a reinforcement layout practicality factor which can be used to force the reinforcement layout into strictly horizontal and vertical bars (which will require additional reinforcement volume beyond the true optimal value), and a stress redistribution factor which can be used to control the amount of redistribution needed in developing the full capacity of the truss model after cracking has occurred.
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