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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Numerical Modeling of Alkali-Activated Slag Concrete
Beams Subjected to Restrained Shrinkage
Author(s): Frank Collins and Jay G. Sanjayan
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 594-602
Keywords: alkali-activated slag; cracking (fracturing); ground-granulated
blast-furnace slag; numerical modeling; shrinkage
Abstract:Drying shrinkage of alkali-activated slag concrete (AASC) is higher than that of ordinary portland cement concrete (OPCC). AASC, however, has lower elastic modulus, higher creep, and higher tensile strength than OPCC, and these combined effects can reduce the cracking tendency. This paper describes the development of a numerical modeling of the behavior of restrained beams as a method towards understanding the relative contributions of parameters towards the risk of cracking. A stress-based model was developed, with a numerical solution obtained using a step-by-step method with small time increments. The numerical model results are compared with experimental results obtained from restrained beams. Reasonable estimation of time-to-cracking was achieved with the numerical model. The cracking tendency of different concrete types was ranked.
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