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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Microcracking and Behavior of High Strength Concrete Subject to Short-Term Loading
Author(s): Ramon L. Carrasquillo, Arthur H. Nilson, and Floyd O. Slate
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 179-186
Keywords: cracking (fracturing); failure; high strength concretes; loads(forces); microcracking; strength; stress-strain relationships; tests.
Abstract:The progressive microcracking of concretes with uniaxial compressive strengths from 4500 to 11, Ooo psi (31 to 76 MPa) was studied quantitatively and compared. Cracks were identified by types as related to unstable behavior and progressive failure. Differences in behavior between high strength concrete and normal concretes, including differences in stress-strain response and mode of failure, were related to and explained by differences in microcracking. The development of combined cracks, consisting of combinations of bond and mortar cracks, was found to be an essential step in progression toward impending failure. Such cracks must be identified and studied to understand the failure mechanism of concrete. Normal strength concretes start to develop combined cracks at about 70 percent of strain at maximum load, and thus are approaching instability and impending failure, while high strength concrete does not develop significant corn bined cracks until about 90 percent or more of strain at maximum load. High strength concrete has much less microcracking at all load levels than normal strength concrete, but fails more suddenly with fewer planes of failure.
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