Protecting Petroleum Process Plant Buildings from Vapor Cloud Explosions

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Title: Protecting Petroleum Process Plant Buildings from Vapor Cloud Explosions

Author(s): Delroy J. Forbes

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 175

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 53-86

Keywords: blast resistant construction; blast loads; evaluation; structural design

Date: 12/1/1998

Abstract:
This paper discusses the historical development of design criteria for blast resistant buildings in the petrochemical industry, including static vs. dynamic design requirements for control rooms, and TNT equivalence vs. VCE models for quantifying blast loads. Existing industry guidelines for the siting and design of plant buildings are reviewed. A methodology and examples are presented for the categorization, design and structural evaluation of building components for blast resistance