In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effect of Water-Cement Ratio of Cement Pastes on Microstructural Characteristics Related to Carbonation Process
Author(s): T. Chaussadent, V. Baroghel-Bouny, H. Hornain, N. Rafai,
and A. Ammouche
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 523-538
Keywords: calcium compounds; cement pastes; hydration; microstructure; strains;
Abstract:The carbonation of concrete depends both on the carbon dioxide penetration through the pore network and on the accessibility of the calcium-containing compounds such as calcium hydroxide or C-S-H gel. The aim of this work was to determine the influence of the W/C on the microstructural characteristics of cement pastes. Investigations were performed during the hydration process at early age and on 28-day and 2-year old hydrated cement pastes made with a Type I normal portland cement. The W/C were .25, .35, .45, and .60. The main results are as follows: Porosity and autogenous strain measurements, completed with SEM observations, show that the microstructrual characteristics are very different between pastes having WC above and below .35-.40. Above this value: The porosity strongly increases; The autogenous deformations exhibits a swelling phase before self-desiccation shrinkage; The calcium hydroxide appears in large crystals. SEM examinations and EDX analysis show that, for an equivalent degree of hydration, the calcium hydroxide amount increases and that the CaO/SiO2 ratio of the C-S-H decreases as the W/C increases. Explanations of the results are proposed, taking into account the ability of the water to diffuse thought the structure and to react with unhydrated cement. The implication of these results in carbonation process are also discussed.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber