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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Flocculation in Cement Pastes Measured
through Use of Laser Microscopy
Author(s): R.P. Ferron, C. Negro, and S.P. Shah
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 107-120
Keywords: flocculation; FBRM; SCC; superplasticizer; viscosity-modifying agents
Abstract:Structural build-up that occurs during the induction period is of particular interest to users of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) since it can affect the workability of concrete. A novel experimental device based on scanning laser microscopy was used to directly monitor particle flocculation in SCC cement pastes. This is one of the few studies in which this experimental method has been used to study flocculation in concentrated suspensions. This paper discusses the results from a study that was carried out to investigate the flocculation and floc properties in SCC cement pastes. Results show that the floc network is immediately broken down by superplasticizers and that the rate of reflocculation decreases when the water-to-cement (w/c) ratio is decreased. An increase in w/c ratio resulted in a reduction in floc strength. Results show that viscosity modifying agents can induce flocculation due to different flocculation mechanisms.
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