Early Age Stiffening of Cement Paste Using Ultrasonic Wave Reflection


  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: Early Age Stiffening of Cement Paste Using Ultrasonic Wave Reflection

Author(s): C. Chung, J.S. Popovics, and L.J. Struble

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 259


Appears on pages(s): 7-16

Keywords: cement paste; penetration resistance; stiffening; temperature rise; ultrasonic wave reflection (UWR)

Date: 2/1/2009

Ultrasonic wave reflection (UWR) has been used to monitor hydration and strength development of concrete. UWR measures the changes in reflected ultrasonic waves at the interface between a buffer material and hydrating cement paste. To monitor the subtle changes during early hydration it is necessary to use a buffer with low acoustic impedance, close to that of cement paste. In this research, UWR measurements on hydrating Type I portland cement are performed using a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) buffer. Both S-waves and P-waves are analyzed simultaneously to develop and extend the use of UWR to monitor early stiffening of cement paste. The penetration resistance test (ASTM C 403) and temperature rise of cement paste are used to correlate stiffening characteristics. The UWR responses show good correlation with results from temperature rise and penetration resistance. The onset of stiffening is the same for penetration resistance and both P- and S-wave UWR, and nearly the same for temperature rise. It is found that the HIPS buffer can provide sensitive measurement on the early age stiffening of cement paste.