In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Early Age Stiffening of Cement Paste Using
Ultrasonic Wave Reflection
Author(s): C. Chung, J.S. Popovics, and L.J. Struble
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 7-16
Keywords: cement paste; penetration resistance; stiffening; temperature rise;
ultrasonic wave reflection (UWR)
Abstract:Ultrasonic wave reflection (UWR) has been used to monitor hydration and strength development of concrete. UWR measures the changes in reflected ultrasonic waves at the interface between a buffer material and hydrating cement paste. To monitor the subtle changes during early hydration it is necessary to use a buffer with low acoustic impedance, close to that of cement paste. In this research, UWR measurements on hydrating Type I portland cement are performed using a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) buffer. Both S-waves and P-waves are analyzed simultaneously to develop and extend the use of UWR to monitor early stiffening of cement paste. The penetration resistance test (ASTM C 403) and temperature rise of cement paste are used to correlate stiffening characteristics. The UWR responses show good correlation with results from temperature rise and penetration resistance. The onset of stiffening is the same for penetration resistance and both P- and S-wave UWR, and nearly the same for temperature rise. It is found that the HIPS buffer can provide sensitive measurement on the early age stiffening of cement paste.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber