A Plastic-Damage Model for Lightweight Concrete and Normal Weight Concrete

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Title: A Plastic-Damage Model for Lightweight Concrete and Normal Weight Concrete

Author(s): C. G. Koh1, M. Q. Teng and T. H. Wee

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 2

Issue: 2

Appears on pages(s): 123-136

Keywords: lightweight concrete; continuum damage mechanics; plasticity; finite element analysis; operator split

Date: 12/31/2008

Abstract:
A new plastic-damage constitutive model applicable to lightweight concrete (LWC) and normal weight concrete (NWC) is proposed in this paper based on both continuum damage mechanics and plasticity theories. Two damage variables are used to represent tensile and compressive damage independently. The effective stress is computed in the Drucker-Prager multi-surface plasticity framework. The stress is then computed by multiplication of the damaged part and the effective part. The proposed model is coded as a user material subroutine and incorporated in a finite element analysis software. The constitutive integration algorithm is implemented by adopting the operator split involving elastic predictor, plastic corrector and damage corrector. The numerical study shows that the algorithm is efficient and robust in the finite element analysis. Experimental investigation is conducted to verify the proposed model involving both static and dynamic tests. The very good agreement between the numerical results and experimental results demonstrates the capability of the proposed model to capture the behaviors of LWC and NWC structures for static and impact loading.


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