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Title: A Hysteretic Constitutive Model for Reinforced Concrete Panel Elements

Author(s): Kutay Orakcal, Leonardo M. Massone and Denizhan Ulugtekin

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 13


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: panel, membrane, hysteretic, constitutive, model, concrete, crack, shear, wall

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-019-0365-9

Date: 11/30/2019

A simple yet effective constitutive model-referred to as the “Fixed Strut Angle Model” (FSAM)-is presented in this paper for simulating the nonlinear axial/shear behavior of reinforced concrete membrane (panel) elements subjected to generalized and reversed cyclic loading conditions. In the formulation of the FSAM, normal stresses in cracked concrete are calculated along fixed crack (strut) directions. Shear stresses developing along crack surfaces, which are calculated using a simple friction-based constitutive relationship, are superimposed with the concrete stresses along the struts, for obtaining the total stress field in concrete. Model predictions were compared with panel tests results available in the literature, at various global and local response levels. The model was demonstrated to reasonably capture the overall response characteristics of reinforced concrete panels, including hysteretic shear stress vs. strain behavior, shear stress capacity, hysteretic shear stiffness attributes, ductility, pinching behavior, governing failure mode, principal strain and stress directions, and local deformations.