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Title: Conventional and High-Strength Hooked Bars— Part 2: Data Analysis

Author(s): J. Sperry, D. Darwin, M. O’Reilly, R. D. Lequesne, S. Yasso, A. Matamoros, L. R. Feldman, and A. Lepage

Publication: 318Reference



Appears on pages(s): 267-276

Keywords: anchorage; beam-column joints; bond and development; highstrength concrete; high-strength steel; hooks; reinforcement


Date: 1/1/2017

Empirical equations are developed to characterize the anchorage strength of hooked bars. The equations are based on tests of 245 simulated beam-column joint specimens with two hooked bars: 146 with confining reinforcement and 99 without. Bar stresses at failure for specimens used in the analysis ranged from 30,800 to 144,100 psi (212 to 994 MPa), and concrete compressive strengths ranged from 2570 to 16,200 psi (17.7 to 112 MPa). For the specimens analyzed, hooked bar anchorage strength was proportional to concrete compressive strength raised to the 0.29 power. For confining reinforcement parallel to and located within eight or 10 bar diameters of the straight portion of the hooked bar, the contribution to anchorage strength was proportional to the area of confining reinforcement; for confining reinforcement perpendicular to the straight portion of the bar, more legs of the confining reinforcement contributed to anchor strength, but each leg made a smaller contribution.