In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Chemical and Mechanical Characterization of Damage Evolution in Concrete due to External Sulfate Attack
Author(s): A. Bonakdar, and B. Mobasher
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-12
Keywords: cement, chemical analysis, damage, expansion, fly ash, fracture, sulfate attack
Abstract:External sulfate attack is often described by a diffusion-reaction mechanism which leads to the decomposition of
hardened cement paste and cracking of concrete. In most studies, the linear expansion of mortar/concrete prisms is
measured according to ASTM C1012. Even though this test can be used to determine the suitability of a mixture for specific sulfate exposure conditions, it does not provide insights on the actual degradation process. This paper presents a series of experiments performed to quantify the damage evolution on cement-based mortars with and without fly ash. Conventional expansion tests were conducted, followed by measuring the chemical and mechanical changes on the cross section of the specimens using EDS and microhardness techniques. The overall damage was further evaluated using a novel flexural fracture test on the specimens. It was observed that partial replacement of cement with class F fly ash reduced the level of mechanical damage in exposure to sulfate attack.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber