In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Alkali Silica Reaction in Mortar at Room Temperature
Author(s): Qiang Li, R. James Kirkpatrick, Leslie J. Struble
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-20
Keywords: Alkali-Silica Reaction, ASTM C1260, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, C-S-H polymerization, SEM-EDX, X-Ray Diffraction
Abstract:Mortar bars made with silica glass aggregate were tested at 23°C (73°F) to evaluate the applicability of a previously proposed chemical model for the alkali silica reaction (ASR). The model, based on tests at 80°C (176°F), proposes that ASR gel does not form until portlandite (CH) in the hydrated paste is locally depleted and the calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) has been locally converted to a more highly polymerized and lower Ca/Si form. SEM-EDX, XRD, and 29Si NMR spectroscopy of the 23°C (73°F) mortars show that the same chemical processes operate at both temperatures. At 23°C (73°F) and up to 60 days, only a small amount (~1%) of ASR gel forms and is confined to cracks entirely within the aggregate grains, but this small amount of gel containing Na, K, and Ca is sufficient to cause substantial expansion. There is no large-scale depletion of CH or increase in the C-S-H polymerization in the paste due to the small amount of gel formed and its confinement in the aggregate grains. Local reduction in both the amount of CH and the Ca/Si ratio of C-S-H in the paste is observed near places where gel-filled cracks in the aggregate contact paste, consistent with the proposed chemical model.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber