In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: A Critical Look at Advanced Nano-To-Macro Scale Characterization Techniques to Study Passivity and Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
Author(s): Pouria Ghods and O. Burkan Isgor
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-18
Keywords: carbon steel reinforcement, corrosion, chloride, depassivation, passivity, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS)
Abstract:Many analytical surface characterization techniques exist to study steel passivity and corrosion in concrete. Some of these techniques, such as EIS and polarization resistance methods, have been used for decades to provide macro-scale data to characterize electrochemical activity on metal surfaces. More recently, advanced nanoscale spectroscopic methods, such as XPS and EELS, as well as analytical TEM have been shown to be quite useful to study compositional and crystallographic structures of oxides that form on steel. Despite these advances,
researchers studying the interface between reinforcing steel and concrete in different scales are faced with several challenges with respect to the selection and the utilization of the available techniques. Each technique has advantages and disadvantages when compared with others; however, literature on these are quite limited in the study of steel/concrete interface. Since most of these techniques are not performed in situ, the interpretation of the data they provide requires careful examination. In addition, since most analytical studies to study passivity and corrosion in concrete are conducted in simulated environments, representativeness of the test setups are generally questioned. This paper presents a review of the commonly-used electrochemical as well as more recent analytical surface characterization techniques for the study of steel passivity and corrosion in concrete structures. The paper addresses the challenges with respect to the selection and the use of these techniques, pitfalls related to interpretation of the data, and common errors in test setups.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber