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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: ACCELERATED MORTAR TEST METHOD TO DETERMINE CHLORIDE THRESHOLD VALUES
Author(s): Neal S. Berke, Matthew A. Miltenberger, Lianfang Li, Brian Miller and Ralf Carvajal
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-14
Keywords: Chloride; Chloride threshold; Concrete; Corrosion; Corrosion inhibitors; Reinforcement; Service life
Abstract:Chloride-induced corrosion of steel in concrete adversely affects the service life of concrete in marine or deicing salt environments. Service life models determine failure based upon the time to reach a critical chloride concentration at the reinforcing bar known as the chloride threshold. Unfortunately, there is no universally accepted value or test method for determining this critical chloride threshold value. In this paper a new test method developed in ASTM subcommittee G1.14, Corrosion of Metals in Cement, Mortar or Concrete is discussed. This paper presents the preliminary screening research conducted in several laboratories that was used to develop the method.
The proposed test method uses reinforcing steel embedded in a standard mortar. Macrocell current and polarization resistance measurements are used to detect corrosion initiation. The data show that the mean critical chloride threshold value is close to what is commonly accepted, but is quite variable. The data suggests that the chloride threshold values follow a normal probability distribution. The time to reach the threshold value is a function of curing time and w/cm. Addition of corrosion inhibitors significantly increases time to corrosion initiation, due to increasing the critical chloride threshold value, reducing chloride ingress, or both.
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