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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Preparation and Characterization of Star-Shaped Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer
Author(s): Xiao Liu, Ziming Wang, Jie Zhu, Ming Zhao, Wei Liu, and Dongjie Yin
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 183-198
Keywords: polycarboxylate superplasticizer; star-shaped; molecular design; adsorption; fluidity
Abstract:A polycarboxylate superplasticizer (PCE) with a novel star-shaped structure was prepared through copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA), isobutenyl polyethylene glycol (IPEG), and star-shaped polymerizable active center by an esterification between polyol and AA. In the first esterification step, the esterification rate reached more than 95% with the catalyst/polyol ratio of 0.07:1, inhibitor/AA ratio of 0.04:1 (or 0.011:1), water-carrying agent dosage of 70g and esterification time of 7 hours. In the second polymerization step, the highest fluidity of cement paste was achieved at the initiator/AA/IPEG ratio of 0.28: 3.3: 1. Infrared spectroscopy (IR) and 1H Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) measurements were used for structural characterization, and the spectral results confirmed the product’s star-shaped structure. Furthermore, this star-shaped PCE exhibited higher energy efficiency than the conventional comb-shaped PCE, indicated by its excellent paste fluidity and adsorption behavior in cement paste.
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