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Title: Flexural strength and cracking behavior of hybrid strength concrete beams

Author(s): Ghazi Kheder, Jasim Al Kafaji, Raad Dhiab

Publication: RILEM

Volume: 43

Issue: 8

Appears on pages(s): 1097-1111

Keywords: Concrete modulus of elasticity, Steel modulus of elasticity, Concrete steel bond strength, Concrete compressive strength (cylinder), Concrete tensile strength, Average crack spacing, Maximum crack spacing, Maximum crack width, Manimum crack spacing

Date: 8/1/2010

The flexural and cracking behavior of hybrid strength concrete beams cast with two concrete compressive strengths of 20 and 70 MPa were compared with 20 MPa normal and 70 MPa high strength beams. The hybrid beams showed an improvement in the load carrying capacity at cracking, yielding and ultimate loading as compared to normal strength beams. The increase in load carrying capacity was (1.80–70.8%) higher than normal strength beams and only (3.3–9.8%) lower than corresponding high compressive strength beams. Also from experimental results the crack spacing of hybrid beams were between those of normal strength and high strength beams, but the crack width in the hybrid beams were narrower than both types of beams at all loading stages. At service and ultimate loading stages, the crack width in the hybrid beams were 19.5–26.0% narrower than those of corresponding normal strength beams, and 9.2–15.1% narrower than high strength beams.

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