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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: An Investigation into the Effect of
Silicon Dioxide Particle Size on the
Strength of Concrete
Author(s): J. Schoepfer and A. Maji
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 45-58
Keywords: calcium silica hydrate (CSH) formation; compressive strength; nano-silica, scanning electron microscopy.
Abstract:The development of nanotechnology has led to the ability to produce silicon dioxide in nano-sized particles of predictable size ranges. In this study, concrete mixtures were developed using silicon dioxide of various sizes. Compressive strength testing showed significant increase in strength with decrease in particle size of the silicon dioxide down to 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.). However, the mixture under 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.) had a slightly lower increase in strength. High vacuum SEM analysis was performed on the samples. High-resolution images at magnifications of 5000× to 60,000× were achieved. The photographs suggest that only the surface of silicon dioxide particles is involved in chemical reactions. The particles then appear to become nucleation sites for the development of CSH crystals. Fine silicon dioxide particles provide numerous and small nucleation sites. Silicon dioxide particles smaller than 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.) do not appear to generate additional nucleation sites for CSH. SEM photos of the 7 nm (2.8 x 10–7 in.) mixture reveal a structure similar to that of the 150 nm (59.1 × 10–7 in.) mixture.
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