Nondestructive Testing of Concrete: History and Challenges

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Title: Nondestructive Testing of Concrete: History and Challenges

Author(s): N. J. Carino

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 144

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 623-678

Keywords: concretes; infrared spectroscopy; in-place testing; nondestructive tests; penetration tests; probes; pullout tests; radar; rebound hammer; statistical methods; tests; thermography; ultrasonic tests; Structural Research

Date: 3/1/1994

Abstract:
A brief history of nondestructive testing of hardened concrete over the past 50 years is presented. The underlying principles and inherent limitations of the methods are reviewed, and historical highlights of their development are presented. Test methods are grouped into those that assess in-place strength and those that evaluate nonstrength characteristics, such as flaws and deterioration. Paper concludes with a discussion of the challenges for the 21st century in the area of nondestructive testing.