Preventing Concrete Deterioration in the Arabian Gulf

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Title: Preventing Concrete Deterioration in the Arabian Gulf

Author(s): Hanna M. Makhlouf, Bijan H. Ahmadi, and Jawad Al Jabal

Publication: Concrete International

Volume: 13

Issue: 5

Appears on pages(s): 65-67

Keywords: carbonation; cavity walls; chlorides; concretes; corrosion; deterioration; durability; exposure; humidity; microcracking; spalling; reinforced concrete; temperature; General

Date: 5/1/1991

Abstract:
The hot, humid, aggressive environment in the Arabian Gulf region causes serious deterioration in exterior reinforced concrete building elements, even when structures have been designed and built according to well-established codes of practice. Article illustrates the large difference in deterioration between interior and exterior reinforced concrete elements, even though both have elevated chloride contents. Architectural details are proposed to protect exterior reinforced concrete elements from the conditions causing excessive deterioration.