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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Corrosion Behaviour of Zinc Coated Steel in Silica Fume Concrete
Author(s): C. L. Page, G. Sergi, and N. R. Short
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 887-896
Keywords: chlorides; concretes; corrosion; pH; reinforcing steels; silica fume; tests; zinc coatings; Materials Research
Abstract:Zinc coatings, applied mainly by galvanizing, have been widely used to provide supplementary corrosion protection to reinforcing steel in concrete exposed to aggressive media. Their performance, particularly in concretes contaminated with chloride salts, has been variable; this is believed to be due, at least in part, to the effects of differences in cement alkalinity on the rate of zinc dissolution. To investigate this, specimens were made in which well characterized zinc coated steel electrodes were embedded in cement pastes containing various proportions of silica fume and sodium chloride. They were exposed to moist air for several months, during which time the pore electrolyte compositions were analyzed and the corrosion rates of the embedded electrodes were monitored by linear polarization. It was found that the major influence on the corrosion rate of the zinc coatings was the pH of the pore electrolyte phase, so that quite modest levels of silica fume were capable of reducing corrosion rates by orders of magnitude when compared with those sustained in the unblended pastes. The implications regarding the effective service lives of the coatings are believed to be considerable. Analysis of the relationship between corrosion potential and corrosion rate for the embedded electrodes revealed that the rates of corrosion were generally subject to anodic control, except at very high values when oxygen diffusion became the rate-limiting process.
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