Deicer Salt Scaling Resistance of High-Performance Concrete

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Title: Deicer Salt Scaling Resistance of High-Performance Concrete

Author(s): R. Gagne and M. Pigeon

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 122

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 29-44

Keywords: air-entrained concretes; compressive strength; curing; deicers; concrete durability; freeze-thaw durability; high-strength concretes; silica fume; water-cement ratio; Materials Research

Date: 6/1/1990

Abstract:
Twenty-seven high-performance concrete mixes (with 28-day strengths in the 80 to 100 MPa range) were prepared to evaluate the deicer salt scaling resistance of such concretes after various periods of curing. Three water-cement ratios (0:30, 0:26, and 0:23) were used, and for each water-cement ratio a minimum of three mixes were made with different air-void systems: one with a spacing factor of approximately 200 æ, one with a slightly higher value, and one without any air entrainment. Canadian Type 30 cement with an addition of 6 percent silica fume was used for all mixes. The coarse aggregate was a 14 mm minimum size, crushed, very dense, dolomitic limestone. The curing period varied between 1 and 28 days. A total of 54 specimens (2 for each test condition) were submitted to 150 daily cycles in accordance with ASTM Standard C 672, using sodium chloride as a deicer. Weight loss was measured to evaluate the deterioration of the concrete surfaces. The scaling resistance was found to be extremely good in all cases, irrespective of the length of curing, water-cement ratio, or spacing factor value, weight losses after 150 cycles being always lower than 0.50 kg/mý. No correlation was found between the scaling resistance and the spacing factor or the length of curing. Loss of mass was generally concentrated around a few aggregate particles. These results indicate clearly that it is possible to prepare high-performance concretes with very good deicer salt scaling resistance without using any air entrainment.