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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Stabilization of Geothermal Residues by Encapsulation in Polymer Concrete and Portland Cement Mortar Composites: Preliminary Laboratory Test Results
Author(s): Ronald P. Webster and Lawrence E. Kukacka
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 97-112
Keywords: composite materials; encapsulating; hazardous materials; mortars (material); polymer concrete; portland cements; residues; stabilization; tests; waste treatment; Materials Research
Abstract:Results are presented from the preliminary phase of a laboratory test program conducted to identify and evaluate materials for converting hazardous geothermal residues to a nonhazardous and potentially usable form. Laboratory test results indicate that geothermal residues can be effectively incorporated as a fine aggregate into polymer concrete (PC) and portland cement mortar (PCM) composites. PC composites made using an emulsifiable polyester resin and a methyl methacrylate (MMA)-based monomer system exhibited compressive strengths varying between 3700 and 16,500 psi (25.5 and 113.8 MPa), depending upon the type of binder used and the moisture content of the residue. Waste extraction tests (WET) performed on ground samples of the composites indicate elemental levels of leachable heavy metals are below specified soluble threshold limit concentrations (STLC). PCM composites exhibited compressive strengths varying between 2875 and 5530 psi (19.8 and 38.1 MPa), depending upon the type, amount, and moisture content of the residue. WET analysis indicates elemental levels of leachable heavy metals are below specified STLC values for all but one of the PCM composites evaluated.
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