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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Mitigating Effect of Pozzolans on Alkali-Silica Reactions
Author(s): Mette Geiker and Niels Thaulow
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 533-548
Keywords: alkali-silica reactions; fly ash; pozzolans; silica fume; slags; sodium chloride; Materials Research
Abstract:Expansion of mortar bars with and without selected pozzolans exposed to saturated calcium hydroxide and sodium chloride solutions at 50 C has been measured up to 20 weeks of exposure. The mixes contained a Danish low-alkali sulfate-resistant cement or a French high-alkali cement, and inert quartz sand added 2 and 6 percent of synthetic cristobalite and varying amounts of pozzolans. Additions were 5, 15, and 25 percent fly ash; 3, 5, and 7 percent silica fume; 5 percent silica fume plus 15 percent fly ash; and 35 percent slag. Both fly ash and silica fume were found to prevent deleterious alkali-silica reactions. The amount of pozzolan necessary to prevent expansion increased with the amount of reactive aggregate and varied with the type of pozzolan. Additions of 5 percent fly ash or 3 percent silica fume were enough to suppress deleterious reactions in the mixes with 2 percent synthetic cristobalite during the period of testing. Twenty-five percent fly ash or 5 percent silica fume plus 15 percent fly ash were found to prevent deleterious reactions in the mixes with 6 percent synthetic cristobalite until 15 weeks of exposure.
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