Macro-Defect-Free Materials with Controlled Moisture Resistance


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Title: Macro-Defect-Free Materials with Controlled Moisture Resistance

Author(s): M. Drábik, L. Gáliková, S. Balkovic, and R.C.T. Slade

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 254


Appears on pages(s): 145-156

Keywords: cross-links; grafting; macro-defect-free; moisture resistance; polymer

Date: 10/1/2008

The latest research on the reactivity toward cross-linking of inorganic matrixes formed by cement-based materials, and the associated grafting at the nanoscopic and atomic levels, is highly promising. Macro-defect-free (MDF) materials and technologies were originally comprised of high-alumina cements cross-linked to poly(vinyl alcohol/acetate) or of portland cement with poly(acrylamide). Although the high-alumina system has shown promising results and is the more efficient system, it suffers from economic disadvantages; modern efforts to identify MDF systems focus on portland cement and a variety of polymer additives. We report recent findings regarding the potential and limitations of portland cement-based MDF materials, considering aspects of the associated chemistry (at the nanoscopic and atomic levels), of the mechanism linking polymer to the surface of cement grains, and of technologically relevant attributes such as moisture resistance of the formed MDF material.