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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Modeling the Heat Development of Concrete Associated with Cement Hydration
Author(s): C.V. Nielsen
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 95-110
Keywords: activation energy; Arrhenius; equivalent age; heat generation; hydration; maturity; semi-adiabatic.
Abstract:The maturity concept applying the Arrhenius equation is generally accepted as a proper way to model the temperature effects on concrete hardening. The Arrhenius equation gives the rate of hydration as a function of temperature depending on the activation energy for the cementitious binder materials. It is demonstrated how a simple three-parameter-model is sufficient to formulate the development of heat from the cement hydration process. Furthermore, the heat development is used to define the apparent degree of hydration. It is described how the heat of hydration may be determined experimentally at the con-crete plant or in nearby concrete laboratories. By means of a semi-adiabatic container the heat released from the hydration process is monitored. Finally, examples of the practical applications of the heat of hydration data for various concrete mixtures are addressed. It is demonstrated how the use of admixtures may influ-ence the heat of hydration and how difficult it is to model the complicated interactions between cement, mineral additions and admixtures without the use of experiments. The possibility of linking the heat of hydration data with the early-age mechanical properties is also illustrated.
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