Behavior of Geopolymer Concrete Columns under Equal Load Eccentricities


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Title: Behavior of Geopolymer Concrete Columns under Equal Load Eccentricities

Author(s): D.M.J. Sumajouw, D. Hardjito, S. Wallah, and B.V. Rangan

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 228


Appears on pages(s): 577-594

Keywords: column; concrete; deflection; eccentricity; geopolymer;reinforcement; strength

Date: 6/1/2005

In geopolymer concrete, a by-product material rich in silicon and aluminium (low calcium fly ash) is chemically activated by a high alkaline solution to form a paste that binds the loose coarse and fine aggregates, as well as other un-reacted materials in the mixture. This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the behaviour and the strength of twelve geopolymer concrete slender columns under equal load eccentricities. The primary variables of the test series were concrete compressive strength, longitudinal reinforcement ratio, and load eccentricity. The test results gathered included the deflection and the load capacity of the columns. The test failure loads were compared with the values calculated by the methods currently available for Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) concrete. Excellent correlation between experimental and analytical results is found.