Cracking in Concrete Structures During the August 17,1999 Earthquake in Turkey

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Title: Cracking in Concrete Structures During the August 17,1999 Earthquake in Turkey

Author(s): M. Saatcioglu

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 204

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 261-276

Keywords: concrete structures; cracking; earthquakes; earthquake engineering; Kocaeli earthquake; natural disasters; reinforced concrete design; seismic design

Date: 8/1/2001

Abstract:
A reconnaissance visit was conducted to Turkey shortly after the August 17, 1999 Earthquake to investigate the performance of concrete structures. The dominant form of construction in the area was reinforced concrete frames, infilled with masonry walls. Extensive cracking and damage was observed in most structures located in the disaster area. This paper presents an overview of the types of cracking that can be expected after a seismic activity, as well as those observed after the August 17, 1999 Earthquake in Turkey. Causes of seismic damage are discussed with examples. A brief review of the seismological aspects of the earthquake and the overall performance of reinforced concrete buildings are provided.