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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Construction Experience With CLSM Fly Ash Slurry for Underground Facilities
Author(s): B. W. RammeE, T. R. Naik, and H. J. Kolbeck
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 403-416
Keywords: backfilling; compacting; compressive strength; fly ash; electrical resistance; slurries; subsurface structures; thermal conductivity; Materials Research
Abstract:Presents the results of research performed in developing and using flowable fly ash slurry which is classified as a Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM) as defined by ACI Committee 229 for underground facility construction and abandonment. The mixture proportions for the CLSM described in this paper used fly ash as a primary ingredient. The fly ash was produced at Wisconsin Electric's Port Washington Power Plant as a byproduct of burning coal from Pennsylvania. Port Washington Power Plant has four 80 MW electric generating units that were brought in service between 1935 and 1949. Additional ingredients included portland cement, water, and conventional fine and coarse aggregates. Information is also included on the compressive strength, electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, and compatibility with plastics used in the manufacture of underground electric cable jackets and natural gas lines. The results indicate that CLSM fly ash slurry is an excellent material for backfilling trenches and filling abandoned underground facilities.
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