In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Movement of Ions Through Mortar Mixed With Mineral Admixtures
Author(s): N. Otsuki, S. Nagataki, and M. Hisada
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 297-314
Keywords: blast furnace slag; chlorides; fly ash; mineral admixtures; mortars (material); porosity; potassium; silica fume; sodium; Materials Research
Abstract:It is necessary for concrete engineers to get more information on the ion movement through and in concrete for the development of new technologies, such as cathodic protection, desalination, and re-alkalization for reinforced concrete members. In concrete members with these treatments, various ions should be moved through and in concrete members. The movement of ions could influence concrete properties and steel reinforcing bars. Ground granulated blast furnace slag, fly ash, and silica fume have been recognized as high quality mineral admixtures for concrete. Since structures built with these materials might eventually be subjected to electro-migration processes, a set of experiments to assess the effects of these pozzolans were devised. In this study, considering the conditions mentioned above, the movement of several kinds of ions through hardened mortar with mineral admixtures was investigated. As ions, Na +, K +, and Cl - were selected because the ions were closely related to alkali-aggregate reaction or chloride attack. As mineral admixtures, ground granulated blast furnace slag, fly ash, and silica fume were used. Also, the influences of water-to-binder ratio on the movement of ions were investigated. Electrochemical cells were used for the experimental work; the current was applied to a cell in the range between 0.1 A/m 2 and 10.0 A/m 2. Analyzing the data from the experimental work, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. The electromigration of ions through mortar are reduced with the addition of admixtures. 2. The electromigration of ions increases with the water-to-binder ratio. 3. The electromigration of ions is closely related to the pore size distribution of mortar and paste.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber