Effect of Incorporating Metakaolin on Fresh and Hardened Properties of Concrete

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Title: Effect of Incorporating Metakaolin on Fresh and Hardened Properties of Concrete

Author(s): H. A. Razak and H. S. Wong

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 200

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 309-324

Keywords: compressive strength; high-strength concrete; metakaolin; silica fume; workability

Date: 6/1/2001

Abstract:
High strength concrete mixtures containing 10% metakaolin replacement and 10% metakaolin addition, water/cementitious material ratio of 0.3 and 1% super-plasticizer were studied.. Similar mixtures incorporating silica fume were also prepared. The effect of mineral admixtures on the fresh and hardened properties of concrete was investigated. Mixtures with mineral admixture exhibited lower workability, less bleeding, and slightly lower air content. Metakaolin resulted in a higher loss of workability compared with silica fume. Mixtures incorporating mineral admixture developed greater compressive strength and elastic modulus at all ages. The enhancement was more pronounced at early ages and in the addition mixtures. The study concludes that the performance of metakaolin is equivalent to silica fume in terms of contribution to the enhancement of strength and elastic modulus. The metakaolin addition mixture attained 70% and 50% strength improvement while the metakaolin replacement mixture achieved 67% and 39% strength increment at the respective ages of 3 and 28 days.