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Showing 1-5 of 742 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP357_05

Date: 

April 1, 2023

Author(s):

Simone Ravasini, Francesca Vecchi, Beatrice Belletti, and Nicolo Bonati

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

357

Abstract:

During an extreme event occurring on a reinforced concrete structure, characterized by the loss of a load-bearing element, the remaining resisting members may develop alternate load paths to resist gravity loads. However, it is recognized that reinforced concrete flat slabs are prone to punching shear failure. This issue is particularly relevant for existing reinforced concrete structures where creep, shrinkage, and corrosion effects due to environmental conditions play a fundamental role before the occurrence of the extreme event. In this paper, nonlinear pushdown and dynamic analyses were performed on an existing continuous reinforced concrete flat slab to investigate the structural response in the case of an interior column loss. Firstly, the flexural and membrane action resisting contributions were in-deeply analyzed. Secondly, the crucial effects of creep, shrinkage and corrosion on the dynamic response and punching shear resistance of the system were critically evaluated. Finally, useful insights for the structural robustness assessment of existing RC structures subjected to material deterioration were provided.

DOI:

10.14359/51738761


Document: 

SP356_07

Date: 

October 1, 2022

Author(s):

Mahmut Ekenel, Hossein Roghani, Francisco De Caso y Basalo, and Antonio Nanni

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

356

Abstract:

Advances in technology have opened doors for building construction with new materials that are lightweight, efficient, noncorrosive, and reliable in terms of durability without a sacrifice in strength and performance. One of these technologies is the use of FRP bars and meshes in concrete members as internal reinforcement. Although FRP bars as structural reinforcement in concrete members have been successfully utilized in building and bridge projects (i.e., slabs, beams, etc.) for the past three decades; recently, there has been an interest in using FRP bars and meshes as secondary reinforcement for non-structural concrete members such as plain concrete footings, concrete slabs-on-ground, and plain concrete walls in lieu of code-compliant conventional temperature and shrinkage steel reinforcement. Because the use of FRP bars and meshes as secondary reinforcement is not within the provisions of the International Building Code (IBC), the predominant building code in the United States, an acceptance criterion (AC521) has been developed under IBC Section 104.11. This paper explains the requirements of AC521, and how FRP bars and meshes as secondary reinforcement of nonstructural concrete members are evaluated to show compliance with the provisions of the IBC.

DOI:

10.14359/51737250


Document: 

SP354

Date: 

July 1, 2022

Author(s):

Sponsored by: ACI Committees 212, 236, 238, and 239

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

354

Abstract:

In May 1978, the Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET), in association with the American Concrete Institute (ACI) sponsored a 3-day conference in Ottawa, ON, Canada, on the use of superplasticizers in concrete. Selected papers from the conference were published as ACI SP-62. In 1981, CANMET, again in association with ACI, sponsored a second 3-day international conference in Ottawa on the use of the superplasticizers in concrete. Proceedings of the conference were published as ACI SP-68. The purpose of the third international conference in Ottawa in 1989 was to review the progress made since the meetings in 1978 and 1981, and to bring together representatives of the chemical admixtures, cement, and concrete industries to exchange information and delineate new areas of needed research. The scope of this conference was expanded to include chemical admixtures other than superplasticizers. Proceedings of the conference were published as ACI SP-119. In October 1994, CANMET in association with ACI and several other organizations sponsored the fourth conference in Montreal, QC, Canada. The objective of this conference was to bring attention to new developments in chemical admixture since the last conference in 1989. The proceedings of the conference were published as ACI SP-148. In October 1997, the Committee for the Organization of CANMET/ACI International Conference, (ACI Council), in association with ACI and several cement and concrete organizations in Italy, sponsored the fifth conference in Rome, Italy. The conference was aimed at transferring technology in the fast-moving field of chemical admixtures. The proceedings of the conference were published as ACI SP-173. In October 2000, Committee for the Organization of CANMET/ACI International Conferences, (ACI Council), in association with several organizations in Canada and France, sponsored the sixth conference in Nice, France. More than 50 papers from more than 20 countries were received and reviewed by an ACI review panel, and 37 were accepted for publication in the proceedings of the conference. The proceedings were published as ACI SP-195. In October 2003, the Committee for the Organization of CANMET/ACI International Conferences (ACI Council) in association with several organizations in Canada and Germany, sponsored the seventh conference in Berlin, Germany. The conference attracted more than 275 delegates and proceedings of the conference consisting of 39 papers, were published as ACI SP-217. In October 2006, the Committee for the Organization of CANMET/ACI International Conferences, (ACI Council), sponsored the eighth conference in Sorrento, Italy. More than 60 papers from more than 25 countries were received, and peer reviewed by the CANMET/ACI review panel in Budapest, and 36 were accepted for publication as ACI SP-239. In October 2009, the Committee for the Organization of International Conferences (COIC) (formerly CANMET/ACI International Conferences) sponsored the ninth ACI International Conference in Seville, Spain. More than 50 papers from more than 20 countries were received and peer reviewed, and 35 were accepted for publication in the proceedings of the conference. The proceedings were published as ACI SP-262. In October 2012, COIC sponsored the Tenth International Conference on Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete in Prague, Czech Republic. More than 70 papers from all over the world were peer reviewed, and 33 were accepted for publication in the proceedings of the conference. The proceedings were published as ACI SP-288. In July, 2015, the COIC in association with ACI sponsored the Eleventh International Conference on Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures in concrete in Ottawa, ON, Canada. More than 60 papers from the world over were peer reviewed, and 28 were accepted for publication in the proceedings of the conference. Also, additional papers were presented at the conference that were published in the Supplementary Papers Volume. In October 2018, the Chinese Ceramic Society and the China Academy of Building Research (CABR), Beijing China, in association with ACI, sponsored the Twelfth International Conference on Superplasticizers and other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete in Beijing China. More than 80 papers from all over the world were received and peer reviewed. A total of 36 refereed papers were accepted for publication in the proceedings of the conference. The proceedings were published by as ACI SP-329. The proceedings were published as ACI SP-302. Also, 54 additional papers were presented at the conference, and were published in the Supplementary Papers Volume. In July, 2022, after a postponement for the COVID-19 pandemic, the ACI Italy Chapter and the University of Bergamo, Italy, sponsored the Thirteenth International Conference on Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete in Milan, Italy. The proceedings of the conference consisting of 35 refereed papers were published by ACI as SP-354. In addition to the refereed papers, about 20 other papers were presented at the conference, and were published in a supplementary papers volume. The main topics of the papers presented at the conference are related to superplasticizers, accelerating admixtures, retarding admixtures, air-entraining agents, shrinkage-reducing agents, superabsorbent polymers, and self-healing admixtures, and their influence on the properties of the concrete in fresh and hardened state. These properties include: workability, slump-loss, time of setting, heat of hydration, strength, durability, shrinkage, and creep of the concrete mixtures. Thanks are extended to the reviewers for the valuable efforts in reviewing all the manuscripts published in the conference proceedings and in the supplementary volume. The guidance from Dr. V. M. Malhotra and Prof. M. Collepardi, the Honorary Chairpersons of the conference, is sincerely appreciated. Also, acknowledged is the support of ACI International for the publication of the proceedings (ACI SP-354). The Editors Dr. Denny Coffetti Prof. Luigi Coppola Dr. Terence Holland

DOI:

10.14359/51736102


Document: 

SP355

Date: 

July 1, 2022

Author(s):

Sponsored by: ACI Committees 130, 201, 209, 212

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

355

Abstract:

The Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET) of Natural Resources of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada, has played a significant role for more than 40 years in the broad area of concrete technology in Canada. In recent years, CANMET has become increasingly involved in research and development dealing with supplementary cemen¬titious materials, high-performance normalweight and lightweight concretes, and alkali-aggregate reactions. As part of CANMET’s technology transfer program, an international symposium on Advances in Concrete Technology was sponsored jointly with the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and other organizations in Athens, Greece, in May 1992. In June 1995, CANMET, in association with ACI and other organizations in Canada and the United Staes, sponsored the Second CANMET/ACI Symposium on Advances in Concrete Technology in Las Vegas, NV, USA. For the Athens symposium, the CANMET publication “Advances in Concrete Technology,” constituted the proceedings of the symposium. The proceedings from the Las Vegas symposium were published by ACI as SP-154. In August 1997, CANMET, in association with ACI and other organizations in Canada and New Zealand, sponsored the Third CANMET/ACI Symposium on Advances in Concrete Technology in Auckland, New Zealand. The main purpose of the symposium was to bring together representatives from industry, universities, and government agencies to present the latest information on concrete technology, and to explore new areas of research and development. Thirty-three refereed papers from 15 countries were presented and distributed at the symposium. The proceedings were published as ACI SP-171. In June 1998, CANMET, in association with ACI, Japan Concrete Institute (JCI), and several other organizations in Canada and Japan, sponsored the Fourth CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Tokushima, Japan. More than 80 papers from 20 countries were received and reviewed in accordance with the policies of ACI. Sixty-one refereed papers were accepted for presentation at the conference and for publication as ACI SP-179. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 30 papers were presented and distributed at the conference. In July-August 2001, CANMET, in association with ACI and several organizations in Singapore, sponsored the Fifth CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Singapore. More than 100 papers from 25 countries were received and reviewed in accordance with the policies of ACI. Forty-six refereed and more than 25 additional papers were accepted for presentation at the conference. The proceedings of the conference were published as ACI SP-200. In June 2003, CANMET, in association with ACI and several organizations in Romania, sponsored the Sixth CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Bucharest, Romania. More than 40 papers presented at the conference were distributed “as received,” and no formal ACI special publication was published. In May 2004, CANMET, in association with ACI and several other organizations in the United States, sponsored the Seventh CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Las Vegas, NV. Seventeen refereed papers from more than 10 countries were presented and distributed at the conference. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of the refereed papers, were published as ACI SP-222. In addition to the refereed papers, 20 additional papers were presented and distributed at the conference. In May 2006, CANMET, in association with ACI and several other organizations in Canada and the United States, sponsored the Eighth CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Montreal, QC, Canada. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 17 refereed papers, were published as ACI SP-235. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 30 additional papers were presented and distributed at the conference. In May 2007, CANMET, in association with ACI and several other organizations in Canada, Europe, and the United States, sponsored the Ninth CANMET/ACI Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology in Warsaw, Poland. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 10 refereed papers, were published as ACI SP-243. More than 20 additional papers were presented and distributed at the conference. In October 2009, ACI, in association with several organizations in Canada, Europe and the United States, sponsored the Tenth ACI Conference on Advances in Concrete Technology in Seville, Spain. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 20 refereed papers, were published as ACI SP-261. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 20 additional papers were presented at the conference and published in a supplementary papers volume. In May 2010, the Committee for the Organization of International Conferences (COIC) (formerly CANMET/ACI Conferences), in association with the Chinese Ceramics Society (CCS) and several other organizations in China, sponsored the Eleventh International Conference on Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainability Issues in Jinan, China. More than 40 papers were presented at the conference. The proceedings of the conference were published by the CCS, Beijing, China. In October 2012, the COIC, in association with ACI, sponsored the Twelfth International Conference on Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainability Issues in Prague, Czech Republic. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of more than 30 refereed papers, were published as ACI SP-288. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 40 other papers were presented at the conference and published in a supple¬mentary papers volume. In July 2015, the COIC, in association with ACI, sponsored the Thirteenth International Conference on Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainability Issues in Ottawa, ON, Canada. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 28 refereed papers, were published by ACI as SP-303. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 40 other papers were presented at the conference and published in a supplementary papers volume. In October 2018, the CCS and the China Academy of Building Research (CABR), Beijing China, in association with the COIC sponsored the Fourteenth International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainable Issues in Beijing, China. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 19 refereed papers, were published by ACI as SP-330. In addition to the refereed papers, more than 52 other papers were presented at the conference and published in a supplementary papers volume. In July 2022, after a postponement for the Covid-19 pandemic, the ACI Italy Chapter and the University of Bergamo, Italy, sponsored the Fifteenth International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainable Issues in Milan, Italy. The proceedings of the conference, consisting of 44 refereed papers, were published by ACI as SP-355. In addition to the refereed papers, about 20 other papers were presented at the conference and published in a supplementary papers volume. The main topics of the papers presented at the conference include: the deterioration of concrete structures; the corrosion of metallic reinforcement; the repair techniques of damaged concrete structures by using shrinkage-compensating cement-based mixtures; the protection of concrete structures by special materials to obtain watertight concrete; the reduction of the damage caused by alkali-silica reaction; the use of mineral additions such as fly ash, silica fume, and ground-granulated blast-furnace slag to improve the durability of concrete structures; and the production of concrete by reducing gas emissions and energy consumption such as the use of binders alternative to portland cement (alkali activated materials, geopolymers, sulphoaluminate cement) and recycling of wastes coming from different sources. Thanks are extended to the reviewers for the valuable efforts in reviewing all the manuscripts published in the conference proceedings and in the supplementary volume. The guidance from Dr. V. M. Malhotra and Prof. M. Collepardi, the Honorary Chairpersons of the conference, is sincerely appreciated. Also, acknowledged is the support the American Concrete Institute for the publication of the proceedings (ACI SP-355). The Editors Dr. Denny Coffetti Prof. Luigi Coppola Dr. Terence Holland

DOI:

10.14359/51736101


Document: 

SP-355_31

Date: 

July 1, 2022

Author(s):

Oyewole Abe, Stephen O. Ekolu

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

355

Abstract:

The paper presents a scheme of instrumentation setup for monitoring creep and shrinkage in a newly constructed reinforced concrete structure. The structure consists of in-situ concrete structural elements including beams, slabs, and columns. Some construction aspects are discussed in the paper, along with experimental tests and the scheme of installations for the monitoring of real-life creep and shrinkage behavior of the structure. A simple monitoring system using Demec gauges is employed. The installation consisted of gluing Demec targets onto surfaces of structural elements for long-term recording of measurements. The in-situ strain monitoring allows the compilation of long-term data for comparison with model predictions and with creep test results. Preliminary results of up to 90 days are discussed, giving a 3-way comparison of the early age creep and shrinkage observations. It is shown that the three methods comprising the creep test, model predictions, and in-situ measurements are in agreement.

DOI:

10.14359/51736043


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