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  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 186 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-343_14

Date: 

October 1, 2020

Author(s):

Winterberg, R.; Rodrìguez, L.M.; Cámara, R.J.; Abad, D.S

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

343

Abstract:

Fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) is becoming widely utilized in segmental linings due to the improved mechanical performance, robustness and durability of the segments. Further, significant cost savings can be achieved in segment production and by reduced repair rates during temporary loading conditions. The replacement of traditional rebar cages with fibres further allows changing a crack control governed design to a purely structural design with more freedom in detailing. Macro synthetic fibres (MSF) are non-corrosive and thus ideal for segmental linings in critical environments. Although fibre reinforcement for segments is relatively new, recent publications such as the ITAtech “Guidance for precast FRC segments – Volume 1: Design aspects” or the British PAS 8810 “Tunnel design – Design of concrete segmental tunnel linings – Code of practice” have now given more credibility to this reinforcement type and the basis for design. This paper presents and discusses the design methodology for precast tunnel segments and in particular the tasks associated with the use of MSF reinforcement. Temporary loadings as well as long term load behaviour will be addressed. A case history from the Santoña–Laredo General Interceptor Collector, currently under construction in northern Spain, will illustrate the specific benefits of MSF reinforcement for segmental linings.


Document: 

SP-340-14

Date: 

April 1, 2020

Author(s):

Raymon W. Nickle and Yail J. Kim

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

340

Abstract:

With over 80 years of history, it is only in the last 20 years that the use of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) materials has become feasible for bridge applications in part due to the ever increasing requirement to make structures last longer, with the current American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications requiring that structures be designed for a 75 year design life; but also in the development of cost effective production techniques, and the introduction of FRP materials, which bring the cost and strength of FRP materials closer to traditional steel reinforcement. Published documents provide comprehensive recommendations on design methodology, predictive equations, and recommendations for strength and service limits states. In this paper, the background of FRP-prestressed concrete bridges is discussed and trial bridges are designed. Research needs to advance the state of the art are identified and delineated.


Document: 

SP-339_04

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Mark Sarkisian, Eric Long, and David Shook

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

Performance based seismic design (PBSD) has created new opportunities for enhanced performance, improved cost efficiencies, and increased reliability of tall buildings. More specifically, flexibility with initial design methods and the utilization of response history results for design, not just verification, have emerged. This paper explores four refined design methods made available by the employment PBSD to influence seismic performance and identify areas of importance. First is the initial proportioning of reinforcement to encourage plastic hinge behavior at specific locations. Second is the initial proportioning of wall thicknesses and reinforcements to encourage a capacity-based design approach for force-controlled actions. Third is the mapping of observed strain demands in shear walls to specific detailing types such as ordinary and special boundary zones. Fourth is an efficient envelope method for the design of foundations. Through these design methods, initial proportioning can be conducted in a more refined way and targeted detailing can result in cost savings. A case study of a recently designed high-rise residential building demonstrates that cost savings can be achieved with these methods.


Document: 

SP-339_01

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Xiaonian Duan, Andrea Soligon, Jeng Neo, and Anindya Dutta

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

The new Terminal 2 at the Tocumen International Airport in Panama, currently essentially completed, will increase the airport’s capacity to 25 million passengers per year. It has a doubly curved steel roof supported on reinforced concrete columns. The gravity force-resisting systems in the superstructure include long span precast and prestressed double tee decks, topped with cast-in-place concrete diaphragms and supported on a combination of unbonded post-tensioned girders and special reinforced concrete moment frame beams. The seismic force-resisting system includes special reinforced concrete moment frames and perimeter columns, special reinforced concrete shear walls and diaphragms, all detailed in accordance with ACI 318. Located in a region of moderately high seismic hazard, the building is classified as an essential facility and requires a non-conventional seismic design approach to maintain operational continuity and to protect life. Adopting the performance-based seismic design methodology and the capacity design principle, the structural engineering team designed an innovative reinforcement detail for developing ductile hinges at the top of the reinforced concrete columns to protect the structural steel roof which is designed to remain essentially elastic under MCE shaking. The structural engineering team’s design has been reviewed by internationally recognized experts and three independent peer review teams.


Document: 

SP-339_02

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Saeed Fathali, Bret Lizundia, and Francisco Parisi

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

This paper summarizes the benefits and challenges of implementing performance-based seismic design (PBSD) for two concrete buildings of the Lower Sproul Plaza Redevelopment Project in one of the busiest areas of the UC Berkeley campus. The project included new construction of Eshleman Hall and the additions to Martin Luther King (MLK) Hall, and the seismic retrofit of the existing MLK Student Union as a result of the expansion. The peer-reviewed PBSD implemented three-dimensional nonlinear response history analyses at two levels of seismic hazard. The analytical simulations using pairs of near-fault ground motions, scaled to match the site-specific spectrum, were intended to establish the expected seismic behavior of the buildings under rare and frequent earthquakes. The choice of PBSD over code-prescriptive procedures was prompted by multiple layers of complexity of the project. Several challenges including those related to the horizontal and vertical irregularities, or connecting new and existing concrete buildings with different lateral force-resisting systems would have made a code-prescriptive design a cumbersome analytical endeavor without providing reliable insight about the expected seismic behavior of the buildings. The PBSD, however, proved a powerful framework to design for a reliably predictable seismic behavior with sufficient ductility, and a designated ductile hinge zones with sufficient confinement and shear capacity. The PBSD methodology also enabled the designers to avoid unnecessary conservatism to deal with the complexities, when designing drift- and acceleration-sensitive elements including the cladding system. Finally, the PBSD methodology allowed the design to consider all potential modes of failure of concrete elements retrofitted by FRP material including the debonding failure between FRP material and substrate.


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