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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 1070 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-362_74

Date: 

June 18, 2024

Author(s):

Camille Martin--Cavaillé, Alexandra Bourdot, Olivier Rateau, Malo L’helguen, Nassim Sebaibi, and Rachid Bennacer

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

362

Abstract:

A possible way to reduce CO2 emissions linked to cementitious materials is to use alternative resources, particularly co-products from other industries. Oyster shell co-products are a calcareous resource produced by aquaculture currently available in coastal areas and must be valorized. The present study investigates the impact of crushed oyster shells used as aggregates in concrete on its mechanical behavior. Thus, concrete samples with 50% aggregates replaced by crushed oyster shells were formulated. Two different types of cement were used: CEMI for reference and low-carbon cement CEMIII-C. Mechanical strength and Young’s modulus were assessed at 28 days, and cracking under compression was followed by acoustic emission technique. Results show that oyster shell aggregates slightly reduce concrete's mechanical resistance but significantly decrease its Young’s modulus. However, cracking behavior under compression remains similar during compression loading.


Document: 

SP-360_24

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Maria Antonietta Aiello and Luciano Ombres

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

The issues related to deformability, strength and ductility of concrete elements reinforced with FRP (Fiber Reinforced Polymer) bars are critically analyzed and discussed in this paper. The analysis is conducted from an experimental point of view by means of bending tests on concrete beams reinforced with Carbon FRP (CFRP) bars with different amounts of reinforcement, and by an analytical approach aiming to evaluate the deflection and cracking phenomenon (number and width of cracks). The experimental results are compared with the analytical predictions and with predictions developed on the basis of the available codes (ACI, EC2, JSCE). The analysis of the results obtained confirms the most relevant issues of the mechanical behavior of FRP bar-reinforced beams, still worthy of research efforts; some technological and construction solutions that can provide significant improvements are also addressed.

DOI:

10.14359/51740636


Document: 

SP-360_04

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Ali Alatify and Yail J. Kim

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

The serviceability and ultimate limit states of a concrete member are reliant upon the bond of reinforcement. The performance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete structures is influenced by multiple parameters and one of these parameters is the bond length of GFRP rebars. The scope of the present research is to experimentally study the effects of fully and partially bonded rebars on the load-bearing capacity and cracking of GFRP-reinforced concrete beams. The beams with partially bonded reinforcement show reduced capacities compared with those with fully bonded reinforcement, and the former reveals localized cracks. The partially bonded beams fail as a result of concrete splitting, while their fully bonded counterparts fail by concrete crushing.

DOI:

10.14359/51740616


Document: 

SP-360_23

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Raphael Kampmann, Tim Rauert, Niklas Pelka, und Bastian Franzenburg

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

Corrosion of reinforcement steel is a major issue for many structural concrete components, because it leads to strength reduction and may significantly reduce the service life. For this reason, fiber-reinforced polymer rebars (FRP rebars) have been developed, as they represent a viable alternative that may replace reinforcing steel for structures that are particularly susceptible to corrosion issues. However, structural design philosophies for these new materials are still in development and further research is needed to implement FRP rebars properly and safely in design codes but also to ensure that design calculations properly predict the actual behavior and performance of FRP reinforced structures.

This study was conducted to evaluate the strength and structural deformation behavior of flexural beams that were designed according to Eurocode 2 and, for comparison, according to different design methods pro-posed for FRP reinforced structures. With regard to the development of a uniform design concept for alternative reinforcement materials existing in Germany/Europe, different bending design concepts includ-ing the serviceability limit state were evaluated. In addition, the theoretically calculated and predicted strength/deformation were compared to the experimentally obtained measurements. A total of 15 flexu-ral beams, with ans overall length of 4.5 m (177 in.), a width of 200 mm (7.8 in.), and a height of 400 mm (15.8 in.), were cast; three of these beams (designed according to Eurocode 2) featured traditional steel rein-forcement, to serve as control group. The remaining 12 flexural beams were evenly allocated to capture the two alternative reinforcement materials, while generating three different reinforcement distribution patterns with comparable reinforcement ratios (equivalent cross-sectional areas). Thus, a total of six subgroups –three with GFRP and three with BFRP – each with two specimens, were analized. To test all beam in pure bending and to eliminate the influence from shear forces, two equally increasing loads were applied at the (longitudinal) third-points of the beams. Both deflections and loads were measured at several points to evaluate the structural performance of the FRP reinforced structural members.

The results showed that the deflection of the glass fiber reinforced bars at the design load capacity measured twice as much as the deflection of the control group. Almost three times as much deflection (at the same load) was observed for the concrete beams reinforced with basalt fiber rebars. In addition, it was observed that the concrete beams with glass and basalt fiber reinforcement bars showed a nearly elastic-elastic behavior up to the point of failure, whereas the steel-reinforced concrete beams showed an elastic-plastic behavior. However, the deformational behavior differed between the various beam types. While the prevailing equations properly captured the post-cracking performance of traditionally reinforced concrete beams, they do not adequately predict the deflections of FRP reinforced concrete beams. From the measurements and analyses, it was concluded that the serviceability limit state (SST) is more critical than the ultimate limit state (LTS) for the design of concrete flexural beams reinforced with FRP rebars.

DOI:

10.14359/51740635


Document: 

SP-360_20

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Emmanuel Ferrier, Laurent Michel, Andrea Armonico

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

This paper presents the crack monitoring of reinforced concrete beams strengthened with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets. Emphasis is placed on the development of a smart FRP bonded material that can measure the crack opening of a reinforced concrete beam strengthened by FRP. The reliability measured by a conventional digital image correlation (DIC) and by the proposed smart FRP is employed to assess the contribution of the FRP to control the crack. The monitoring process is based on a large set of experimental database consisting of 19 test beams. The effect of FRP to control the crack opening is studied depending on the steel ratio, FRP ratio and the level of damaged of RC beams when FRP is applied. The results were compared with the theoretical values of crack width and spacing predicted using the Eurocode 2 (EC2) formula, calibrated for non-strengthened RC elements. The corresponding results were compared in order to clarify the effect of external bonded FRP on the cracking behaviour of RC beams.

DOI:

10.14359/51740632


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