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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 270 Abstracts search results
July 1, 2020
Vishakha Bisht, Leena Chaurasia, and L. P. Singh
This paper investigates and compares the potential of ureolytic and non-ureolytic bacteria in resisting corrosion due to chloride penetration and carbonation. The concrete specimens with and without reinforcement were treated with ureolytic and nonureolytic bacterial strains and exposed to 3.5% NaCl and 2% CO2, respectively, for 90 days. The bacteria-treated reinforced concrete (RC) specimens showed approximately 32% lower corrosion rate, more positive value of Ecorr, and an approximately 26% increase in pullout strength than the control. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) of the treated RC revealed thick mineral deposition by bacteria at interfacial transition zone (ITZ), leading to overall densification of the concrete. Moreover, ureolytic and non-ureolytic bacteria-treated concrete showed approximately 60% less carbonation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed additional formation of hydration products and quantification by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, validating approximately 40% higher CH in carbonated bacterial concrete. Besides calcite, the bacteria mediated additional formation of hydration product (CH) instead of reduction during carbonation, which is believed to be the definite reason of improved ITZ and thus the durability of treated concrete.
Nattapong Paewchompoo, Wanchai Yodsudjai, and Prinya Chindaprasirt
The objective of this research was to clarify the mechanism of concrete cover cracking time due to reinforcement corrosion in steel fiber-reinforced concrete. An experimental study and analytical study were conducted. For the experimental study, 3 in. (76.2 mm) diameter and 6 in. (152.4 mm) length cylindrical concrete specimens with reinforcement placed in the middle were prepared. Conventional and steel fiber-reinforced concrete with three levels of compressive strength were used in the study. A strain gauge was installed along the specimen’s circumference and the corrosion of reinforcement was accelerated using anodic DC current. Concrete surface strain and impressed anodic current were recorded via a data logger and a multimeter, respectively. Concrete cover cracking time was also investigated. After corrosion acceleration, reinforcement weight loss was evaluated and internal pressure due to the reinforcement corrosion product was calculated. The analytical study was conducted using finite element with four-node bilinear plane strain in a two-dimensional (2-D) model. In the finite
element method (FEM) model, the reinforcement was removed and the internal pressure result from the expansion of corrosion products was applied, similar to the problem of cylinder under constant internal pressure. The relationship between concrete surface strain and internal pressure from the analytical study was compared with the experimental study. It was found that corrosion current density of the reinforcement embedded in the fiber-reinforced concrete was higher than that of conventional concrete. Concrete cover cracking time increased with increase of concrete tensile strength. In addition, the relationship between concrete surface strain and the internal pressure could be predicted by the FEM results within an acceptable margin of error.
May 1, 2020
Colin B. Van Niejenhuis, Ibrahim G. Ogunsanya, and Carolyn M. Hansson
The pore solution expressed from 28-day cement pastes was analyzed as part of a wider research program investigating the corrosion behavior of stainless-steel reinforcing bars in concrete, using inductively coupled plasma and ion chromatography techniques. The pastes were prepared with different water-cementitious materials (binder) ratios (w/cm), portland cement with and without supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), and with admixed sodium chloride in the range typical of the threshold values for stainless steel reinforcement. The major anion and cation concentrations are given, showing the influence of admixed chloride on the amount of chloride retained in solution and of sulfate released into the pore solution. The results are discussed in terms of the initial compositions of the cementitious materials and their effect on chloride binding.
Anwar Al-Yaqout, Moetaz El-Hawary, Khallad Nouh, and Pattan Bazieth Khan
The main objective of this paper is the investigation of the corrosion resistance of reinforced concrete containing various proportions of recycled aggregates (RA) combined with 25% ground-granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) as a partial cement replacement. An accelerated corrosion system was designed to test the steel corrosion in reinforced concrete by subjecting the samples to 150 and 300 wetting-and-drying cycles. The results, in general, showed that the use of RA in concrete mixtures was found to reduce the compressive strength, increase chloride penetration, decrease the corrosion potential of reinforcing bars, reduce the electrical resistance of concrete, and hence increase the corrosion risk. However, better results were achieved by the addition of 25% GGBS, which increased the core compressive strength and electrical resistance. Moreover, better results were achieved for normal and slag mixtures that have 0.788 in. (20 mm) concrete cover than those having 0.394 in. (10 mm) cover.
Carolina Boschmann Käthler, Ueli Michael Angst, Karla Hornbostel, and Bernhard Elsener
Cracks in concrete are expected to accelerate the degradation of reinforced concrete—mainly reinforcement corrosion. Previous literature studies have shown that the initiation time can decrease due to cracks, whereas the accelerating effect on corrosion propagation has no clear experimental evidence. This paper critically
assesses how different common experimental setups may influence the test results. It is found that, particularly, the exposure duration and condition, the water-binder ratio (w/b), and the crack width have an impact on the outcome of the experimental study about corrosion rates in cracked concrete. Hence, these parameters should be carefully considered when designing experiments to study the influence of cracks. Recommendations for future research work are given.
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