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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 391 Abstracts search results

Document: 

22-418

Date: 

April 1, 2024

Author(s):

Hao Qian, Gaozhan Zhang, Jun Yang, Qingjun Ding, Chundong Geng, and Sudong Hua

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

2

Abstract:

As one of the key factors influencing the hydration process, as well as the microstructure formation and evolution of ultra-highperformance concrete (UHPC), the action mechanism of different curing regimes have been studied to some extent. However, the current knowledge of the underlying mechanisms that control the different effects of different curing regimes is limited. In this study, the composition of hydration products, micromorphology, and migration and evolution of aluminum-phase hydration products of UHPC under three combined curing regimes (standard curing, steam curing + standard curing, and autoclave curing + standard curing) were investigated in depth. Micromorphology observation shows that heat treatment promoted the formation of higher-stiffness hydration products (tobermorite and xonotlite) in UHPC, and the higher the polymerization degree, the higher the Si/Ca ratio of the hydration product. Meanwhile, 29Si and 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy shows that specimens with higher strength had higher Al[4]/Si and a lower amount of ettringite and AFm at the early curing stage. The elevated curing temperature reduced the formation of ettringite and AFm and allowed more Al3+ to replace Si4+ into the structure and interlayer of the calcium- (alumino)silicate-hydrate (C-(A)-S-H) gel, which increased the mean chain length (MCL) and polymerization degree of the C-(A)-S-H gel. However, the polymerization effect of Al ions is limited, so the provision of the silicon source to improve the Si/Ca ratio of the system is important.

DOI:

10.14359/51740372


Document: 

21-335

Date: 

April 1, 2024

Author(s):

Zainab Hashim Abbas Alsalami and Fatima Hashim Abbas

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

2

Abstract:

Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is considered a sophisticated concrete construction solution for infrastructure and other structures because of its premium mechanical traits and superior durability. Fibers have a special effect on the properties of UHPC, especially as this type of concrete suffers from high autogenous shrinkage due to its high cementitious content, so the properties and volume fraction of fibers are more important in UHPC. This study will describe previous related works on the mechanical behavior of UHPC specimens reinforced with micro- and nanoscale fibers, and compare of the behavior of UHPC reinforced with microfibers to that reinforced with nanofibers. The compressive strength, flexural behavior, and durability aspects of UHPC reinforced with nanoand/or microscale variable types of fibers were studied to highlight the issues and make a new direction for other authors.

DOI:

10.14359/51740369


Document: 

22-380

Date: 

March 15, 2024

Author(s):

Changhui Jin, Ningshan Jiang, Hui Li, Chengkui Liu, Aoxiang Cao Jianing Wang , Xiaochu Wen

Publication:

Materials Journal

Abstract:

The use of construction waste to prepare recycled micro powder can improve the utilization of construction waste resources and effectively reduce carbon emissions. In this paper, researchers used waste concrete processing micro powder to prepare foam concrete and quantitatively characterized the performance and pore structure of foam concrete by SEM, PCAS, and mechanical property testing methods with different mixing ratios of micro powder, the results showed that: The effect of single mixing of micro powder or fly ash is better than the composite mixing test, and the optimal proportion of compressive strength of single mixing of micro powder is higher than that of single mixing of fly ash. The optimum mixing ratio is 6:4 between cement and micro powder, and the best effect is achieved when the micro powder mixing amount is 40%. Single or double mixing can fill the pores between the foam and strengthen the performance of the substrate. The test of single-mixed or compound-mixed micro powder showed that the fractal dimension decreased with the increase of porosity; the fractal dimension of the specimen increased, the average shape factor became smaller, the compressive strength decreased, and the water absorption rate increased.

DOI:

10.14359/51740703


Document: 

23-093

Date: 

February 8, 2024

Author(s):

Liang Li

Publication:

Materials Journal

Abstract:

Time-zero is of considerable significance for determining both deformational and mechanical properties of high-performance concrete from very early ages. In this paper, four methods for determining the time-zero are investigated comparably, including stress evolution measurement, autogenous strain method, ultrasonic testing, and temperature rate method. A critical review of the theoretical basis behind each method is presented, with emphasis on the applicability and limitations of each method. Based on a case study, the practical capabilities of all four methods for determining the time-zero of high-performance concrete with w/b of 0.25 are experimentally assessed. It is found that the ultrasonic testing and the temperature rate method are noted to be better suited due to their simplicity and availability compared to the other two methods. Besides, the temperature of cement-based composites at very early ages can affect the determined values of time-zero, which needs further research.

DOI:

10.14359/51740565


Document: 

23-101

Date: 

February 8, 2024

Author(s):

Le Teng, Alfred Addai-Nimoh, Kamal H. Khayat

Publication:

Materials Journal

Abstract:

This study evaluates the potential to use shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and pre-saturated lightweight sand (LWS) to shorten the external moist curing requirement of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC), which is critical in some applications where continuous moist curing is challenging. Key characteristics of UHPC prepared with and without SRA and LWS and under 3 days, 7 days, and continuous moist curing were investigated. Results indicate that the combined incorporation of 1% SRA and 17% LWS can shorten the required moist curing duration since such mixture under 3 days of moist curing exhibited low total shrinkage of 360 µε at 56 days and compressive strength of 135 MPa (19,580 psi) at 56 days and flexural strength of 18 MPa (2,610 psi) at 28 days. This mixture subjected to 3 days of moist curing also had a similar hydration degree and 25% lower capillary porosity in paste compared to the Reference UHPC prepared without any SRA and LWS and under continuous moist curing. The incorporation of 17% LWS promoted cement hydration and silica fume pozzolanic reaction to a degree similar to extending the moist curing duration from 3 to 28 days and offsetting the impact of SRA on reducing cement hydration. The lower capillary porosity in the paste compensated for the porosity induced by porous LWS to secure an acceptable level of total porosity of UHPC.

DOI:

10.14359/51740566


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