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Showing 1-9 of 9 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP274—08

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

L. Ferrara, M. di Prisco, and N. Ozyurt

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

The addition of fibers into a self-consolidating concrete (SCC) matrix can take advantage of the superior fresh state performance to achieve homogeneous dispersion of the discontinuous wirelike reinforcement. Such a positive synergy between SCC and FRC technologies is of paramount importance to promote reliable structural applications. It has been furthermore shown that, through a well balanced set of fresh state properties of the mix, fibers can be effectively oriented along the direction of the fresh concrete flow. Superior mechanical performance of the material hence is obtained in the same direction. A “tailored” orientation of the fibers may be pursued to obtain a deflection-, or even a strain-hardening, behavior, which may be required by the specific application to be designed. With reference to a project on going in Italy, this paper details the steps of a “holistic” approach to the design of Self Consolidating High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (SCHPFRC) elements. In this framework both the mix composition and the casting process are designed to the anticipated performance of the structural element, in the sight of an optimized material and structural efficiency. This would allow to pursue, in the design process, a desirable closer correspondence between the shape of an element and the function it performs in a structure assembly. A suitably balanced fresh-state performance of the fiber reinforced cementitious composite would allow to “mold” the shape of an element and, thanks to a tailored casting process, to orient the fibers along the direction of the principal tensile stresses resulting from its structural function.

10.14359/51664083


Document: 

SP274—07

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

B. Mobasher and X. Destree

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

Applications of slabs supported on piles are quite common for areas where soil- structure interaction may create differential settlement or long term tolerance issues. An application for the use of steel fiber reinforced slabs that are continuous and supported on piles is discussed in this paper. The experience and design methodology for slabs on piles is further extended to floor slabs of multi-story buildings, where a high dosage of steel fibers (50-100 kg/m³, 84-168 lbs/ft3) is used as the sole method of reinforcement. Suspended ground slabs are generally subjected to high concentrated point loading (150 kN, or 33.7 kips) intensities as well as high uniformly distributed loadings (50 kN/m² or 1000 lb/ft2) and wheel loads. The span to depth ratios of the SFRSS is between 8 and 20 and depends on the loading intensity and the pile/column capacity. Standard procedures for obtaining material properties and finite element models for structural analysis of the slabs are discussed. Methods of construction, curing, and full scale testing of slabs are also presented.

10.14359/51664082


Document: 

SP274—06

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

W.C. Liao, S.H. Chao, and A. E. Naaman

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

Self-consolidating high performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites (SC-HPFRCC) combine the self-consolidating property of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in their fresh state, with the strain-hardening and multiple cracking characteristics of high- performance fiber-reinforced cement composites (HPFRCC) in their hardened state. Two different classes of SC-HPFRCC are briefly introduced in this paper: concrete based and mortar based. They all contain 30 mm long steel fibers in volume fractions of 1.5% and 2%, and exhibit strain- hardening behavior in tension. These mixtures are highly flowable, non-segregating and can spread into place, fill the formwork, and encapsulate the reinforcing steel in typical concrete structures. Six concrete based SC-HPFRCC mixtures, with compressive strengths ranging from 35 to 66 MPa (5.1 to 9.6 ksi), were successfully developed by modifying SCC mixtures recommended in previous studies and using the available local materials. Spread diameter of the fresh concrete based SC-HPFRCC mixtures measured from the standard slump flow test was approximately 600 mm (23.6 in.). Strain-hardening characteristics of the hardened composites were ascertained from direct tensile tests. Three mortar based SC-HPFRCC mixtures with 1.5% steel fiber content were also developed and exhibited average compressive strengths of 38, 50 and 106 MPa (5.5, 7.2 and 15.3 ksi), respectively. Recent structural large scale laboratory applications (structural wall, coupling beams, panels etc.) made of SC-HFPRCC have demonstrated the applicability of these mixtures.

10.14359/51664081


Document: 

SP274—05

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

M. C. Brown, H. C. Ozyildirim, and W. L. Duke

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

Self-consolidating concrete (SCC) promises to shorten construction time while reducing the need for skilled labor. However, experience has shown that SCC may be prone to shrinkage cracking, which may compromise durability. In conventional concrete, fiber reinforcement has been used to control cracking and increase post-cracking tensile strength and flexural toughness. These benefits could be achieved in SCC without compromising the workability or stability, provided that the amount of fiber reinforcement is optimized. This project sought to evaluate the feasibility of fiber reinforced self-consolidating concrete (FR-SCC) for structural applications. Tests were conducted in the laboratory to assess the fresh and hardened properties of FR-SCC containing various types and concentrations of fiber. The results indicate that SCC with high flowability and some residual strength beneficial for crack control can be prepared for use in transportation facilities. The results of the experiments further show that, at optimal fiber additions, FR-SCC mixtures can have the same fresh concrete properties as traditional SCC mixtures. FR-SCC also demonstrates a considerable improvement in the residual strength and toughness of a cracked section. Though not specifically measured, increase in residual strength and toughness is expected to lead to control of crack width and length (ACI 544.1R, 1996). The increase in the FR-SCCs’ cracked section performance indicates that it can be expected to have better durability in service conditions than an identical SCC without fibers. In transportation structures FR-SCC can be used in link slabs, closure pours, formed concrete substructure repairs; or prestressed beams where end zone cracking has been an issue.

10.14359/51664079


Document: 

SP274—04

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

V. M. C. F. Cunha, J. A. O. Barros, J. M. Sena-Cruz

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

In the present work the tensile behavior of a self-compacting concrete reinforced with two hooked ends steel fiber contents was assessed performing stable displacement control tension tests. Based on the stress-displacement curves obtained, the stress-crack width relationships were derived, as well as the energy dissipated up to distinct crack width limits and residual strengths. The number of effective fibers bridging the fracture surface was determined and was compared with the theoretical number of fibers, as well as with the stress at crack initiation, residual stresses and energy dissipation parameters. In general, a linear trend between the number of effective fibers and both the stress and energy dissipation parameters was obtained. A numerical model supported on the finite element method was developed. In this model, the fiber reinforced concrete is assumed as a two phase material: plain concrete and fibers randomly distributed. The plain concrete phase was modeled with D solid finite elements, while the fiber phase was modeled with discrete embedded elements. The adopted interface behavior for the discrete elements was obtained from single fiber pullout tests. The numerical simulation of the uniaxial tension tests showed a good agreement with the experimental results. Thus, this approach is able of capturing the essential aspects of the fiber reinforced composite’s complex behavior.

10.14359/51664078


Document: 

SP274—03

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

J. Carlsward and M. Emborg

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

Shrinkage cracking of self-compacting concrete (SCC) overlays with and without steel fibres has been assessed through laboratory testing and theoretical analysis. Test results verified that steel fibre reinforcement has a crack width limiting effect. However, the contribution in case of fibre contents up to 0.75 vol% was not found to be sufficient to distribute cracks in situations where bond to the substrate was nonexistent. Thus, even higher steel fibre contents (or other types of fibres) are required in order to control cracks. A distributed pattern of fine cracks was however obtained even for unreinforced SCC within bonded areas of the overlays. This implies that steel fibres, or other crack reinforcement, are not required if high bond strength is obtained. An analytical model, proposed to assess the risk of cracking and to predict crack widths in overlays, was found to give reasonable correlation with experimental results.

10.14359/51664077


Document: 

SP274—02

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

S. Grunewald and J. C. Walraven

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

Self-consolidating fiber-reinforced concrete (SCFRC) combines the benefits of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in the fresh state and an enhanced performance of fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) in the hardened state. The application of SCC improves the efficiency at building sites, allows rationally producing prefabricated concrete elements and improves the working conditions, the quality and the aesthetical appearance of concrete structures. By adding fibers to SCC bar reinforcement can be replaced, crack widths reduced, the durability improved and the load bearing capacity of a structure increased. An extensive research study1 was carried out on the characteristics and the mix design of SCFRC that consisted of three parts: the fresh as well as the hardened state of SCFRC and the influence of the production process determined in three full-scale studies. This paper discusses two aspects of the mix design of SCFRC: the maximum fiber content and the required spacing of reinforcement at which blocking does not occur. Based on the analysis of experimental results mix design tools are proposed that allow predicting the maximum fiber content and the passing ability of SCFRC, which is essential information to obtain a homogeneous distribution of the fibers in a structure.

10.14359/51664075


Document: 

SP274—01

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

D. Forgeron and A. Omer

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

To evaluate the flow characteristics of macro-synthetic fiber-reinforced self consolidating concrete (MSFRSCC), a total of 20 non-air entrainment self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mixtures with varying w/c ratios, macro-synthetic fiber lengths, and fiber dosages rates were evaluated. The flow characteristics of each mixture were evaluated using our typical SCC workability test methods: slump flow, filling capacity, L-box, and V-funnel tests. The plastic shrinkage cracking resistance, compressive strength and flexural strength of each mixture were also evaluated. The objective was to develop an understanding of the factors that influence the flow characteristics of MSFRSCC and determine if criteria set for conventional SCC can be applied to MSFRSCC. The testing results demonstrated that fiber lengths of 50 mm cause significant internal friction leading to mixture stability issues when attempting to increase the volume of high range water reducer to produce acceptable slump flow values without viscosity modifying admixtures. Reducing fiber length to 38mm led to reduction in the internal friction allowing satisfactory slump flow, filling capacity, and V-funnel flow time to be achieved with slight mixture modifications and no viscosity modifying admixtures were required. The addition of fibers did cause lower than acceptable L-Box test results where mixtures were made to change direction and flow between closely spaced bars. It was concluded that the slight increase in internal friction produced by the addition of fibers caused the low L-Box results and not any form of blockage. The plastic shrinkage test results showed that the addition of 0.40% fibers by volume led to as much as 70 % reduction in total crack area and up to 50% reduction in maximum crack width as compared to plain concrete. The results obtained from this research clearly shows that is it possible to develop highly crack resistant MSFRSCC mixtures for concrete structures.

10.14359/51664074


Document: 

SP274

Date: 

October 1, 2010

Author(s):

Editors: Corina-Maria Aldea and Liberato Ferrara / Sponsored by: ACI Committee 544 and ACI Committee 237

Publication:

Special Publication

Volume:

274

Abstract:

This symposium CD-ROM contains eight papers that were presented at technical sessions sponsored by ACI Committees 544 and 237 at the 2009 ACI Fall Convention in New Orleans, LA. The topics of the papers cover aspects ranging from mixture composition and influence of fibers on the fresh state performance to the connection between fresh state behavior, fiber dispersion and orientation and mechanical properties of the fiber-reinforced composite to full-scale testing and development of prototype applications for structures and infrastructures. Note: The individual papers are also available. Please click on the following link to view the papers available, or call 248.848.3800 to order. SP-274

10.14359/51664009


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