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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 10 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP267-06

Date: 

October 1, 2009

Author(s):

J.A. Jain and N. Neithalath

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

267

Abstract:

The effects of small dosages of nano-silica as a partial cement replacement material on the Ca ion leaching resistance of cement pastes exposed to deionized water is reported in this paper. Plain and modified cement paste specimens (containing either 6% or 9% of silica fume, or 0.5% or 1.5% of nano-silica) are subjected to leaching in deionized water for different durations after 56 days of curing in saturated limewater. The mass loss, change in porosity, and the changes in calcium hydroxide (CH) and C-S-H contents from thermogravimetric analysis between the specimens cured under saturated limewater for the entire duration and the specimens leached for different times are used to bring out the beneficial effects of these cement replacement materials when pastes are exposed to a leaching medium. The nano-silica modified cement pastes are observed to demonstrate lower mass loss and a lower increase in porosity when subjected to leaching. Using the changes in CH and C-S-H contents between the saturated and the leached pastes, it is shown that leaching and continuing cement hydration and/or pozzolanic reaction are essentially coupled, especially for the modified pastes. The paste with higher nano-silica content is seen to demonstrate increased C-S-H contents when undergoing leaching. The net Ca ion loss from both CH and C-S-H phases are seen to be lower for the pastes incorporating nano-silica as compared to those containing silica fume. The plain paste is seen to suffer the highest amount of Ca ion loss. A simplified method of calculating the apparent depth of the CH dissolution front is also reported, which is seen to highlight the influence of nano-silica and silica fume in improving the leaching resistance of pastes.

DOI:

10.14359/51663283


Document: 

SP267-07

Date: 

October 1, 2009

Author(s):

A.M. Said and M.S. Zeidan

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

267

Abstract:

The authors aim to investigate the effect of using colloidal nano-silica on the properties of concrete especially for the case of fly ash concrete. The study includes a laboratory study on six concrete mixtures in which three have 30% of the cement content replaced with fly ash, while the others were normal cement concrete mixtures. Two ratios of colloidal nano-silica were added to concrete with and without fly ash to examine its effect. Testing was conducted to assess the reactivity and the durability of the studied mixtures, including adiabatic temperature test, compressive strength test, splitting tensile strength test, and rapid chloride penetration test. Results show the addition of nano-silica can enhance the reactivity and early age strength of fly ash concrete mixtures to match normal concrete mixtures. Furthermore, the use of nano-silica improved the mechanical properties and reduced the permeability of concrete.

DOI:

10.14359/51663284


Document: 

SP267-08

Date: 

October 1, 2009

Author(s):

J. Belkowitz and D.L. Armentrout

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

267

Abstract:

With the advent of nano technology, materials have been developed that can be applied to high performance concrete mix designs. Nano silica reacts with calcium hydroxide to develop more of the strength carrying structure of cement paste, calcium silica hydrate. In this paper, predictive relationships have been developed to distinguish the strength benefits when using different sizes of nano silica in cement paste. An extensive regime of experimental analysis was carried out to determine the effect of nano silica in the cement paste. Through these experiments the heat of hydration of multiple cement mix designs were measured. After that, the concentration of calcium hydroxide was recorded through X-ray diffraction. Then, the crystallographic structures were examined through scanning electron microscopy. Finally, the compressive strength was determined for each cement paste mixture. Through these experiments it was found that as the silica particles decreases in size and incorporate a wider gradation of sizes, the calcium silicate hydrates became more rigid; this increased the compressive strength.

DOI:

10.14359/51663285


Document: 

SP267-04

Date: 

October 1, 2009

Author(s):

B.Y. Lee, J.J. Thomas, M. Treager, and K.E. Kurtis

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

267

Abstract:

The effect of nano-anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) powder on early age hydration kinetics of tricalcium silicate (C3S) was investigated. Isothermal calorimetry was performed on C3S pastes with 0, 10, and 15% of TiO2 addition by weight, and two mathematical models-the Avrami model and the boundary nucleation model (BN model)-were fitted to the data. The addition of TiO2 accelerated the rate of hydration, increased the peak reaction rate, and increased the degree of hydration at 12 and 24 hours. The model fits demonstrate that the BN model better captures the kinetics of the reaction, particularly in the deceleration period, than the Avrami model. The increase in the ratio of rate parameters (kB/kG) of the BN model with TiO2 addition suggests that hydration product is formed on or near the surfaces of TiO2 particles, as well as on the C3S surface. These results demonstrate that the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles accelerates the early hydration by providing additional nucleation sites, forming the foundation for future optimization of photocatalytic and other nanoparticle-containing cements.

DOI:

10.14359/51663281


Document: 

SP267-05

Date: 

October 1, 2009

Author(s):

J. Schoepfer and A. Maji

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

267

Abstract:

The development of nanotechnology has led to the ability to produce silicon dioxide in nano-sized particles of predictable size ranges. In this study, concrete mixtures were developed using silicon dioxide of various sizes. Compressive strength testing showed significant increase in strength with decrease in particle size of the silicon dioxide down to 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.). However, the mixture under 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.) had a slightly lower increase in strength. High vacuum SEM analysis was performed on the samples. High-resolution images at magnifications of 5000× to 60,000× were achieved. The photographs suggest that only the surface of silicon dioxide particles is involved in chemical reactions. The particles then appear to become nucleation sites for the development of CSH crystals. Fine silicon dioxide particles provide numerous and small nucleation sites. Silicon dioxide particles smaller than 12 nm (4.7 × 10–7 in.) do not appear to generate additional nucleation sites for CSH. SEM photos of the 7 nm (2.8 x 10–7 in.) mixture reveal a structure similar to that of the 150 nm (59.1 × 10–7 in.) mixture.

DOI:

10.14359/51663282


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