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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 11 Abstracts search results
October 1, 2009
K. Sobolev and A. Amirjanov
A simulation algorithm was developed for modeling the dense packing of large assemblies of particulate materials (in the order of millions). These assemblies represent the real aggregate systems of portland cement concrete. Two variations of the algorithm are proposed: Sequential Packing Model and Particles Suspension Model. A developed multi-cell packing procedure as well as fine adjustment of the algorithm’s parameters were useful to optimize the computational resources (i.e., to realize the trade-off between the memory and packing time). Some options to speed up the algorithm and to pack very large volumes of spherical entities (up to 10 millions) are discussed. The described procedure resulted in a quick method for packing of large assemblies of particulate materials.
The influence of model variables on the degree of packing and the corresponding distribution of particles was analyzed. Based on the simulation results, different particle size distributions of particulate materials are correlated to their packing degree. The developed algorithm generates and visualizes dense packings corresponding to concrete aggregates. These packings show a good agreement with the standard requirements and available research data. The results of the research can be applied to the optimal proportioning of concrete mixtures.
J.W. Bullard, P.E. Stutzman, L.M. Ordoñez Belloc, E.J. Garboczi, and D.P. Bentz
The NIST-Industry Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory (VCCTL) Consortium has developed an integrated software package for performing simulations of a number of engineering test measurements, including isothermal calorimetry, adiabatic temperature change, chemical shrinkage, elastic moduli, and compressive strength. In the last two years, the software interface has been redesigned to be easier to navigate, with online tutorials and documentation for easy reference. As a result, VCCTL is now ready to be integrated in industrial settings as a supplemental tool to accelerate research on mix designs and to streamline routine quality testing procedures. This paper will demonstrate the software interface, and two applications will be described to illustrate the utility of the software to help solve practical problems. In the first application, we address sustainability issues by investigating the replacement of coarse clinker particles with limestone and its effect on elastic moduli and compressive strength. In the second application, we illustrate VCCTL’s potential for screening the quality of incoming cement clinkers by providing rapid estimates of compressive strength development
in mortar specimens.
J.M. Ruiz, S.I. Garber, Q. Xu, J.C. Dick,
G.K. Chang, and R.O. Rasmussen
This paper describes the enhancements made to the FHWA’s HIPERPAV software program for simulating early-age concrete pavement behavior. It gives a brief background describing the software, discusses the modeling improvements that have been made, and suggests future work for additional improvements. An enhanced moisture transport model has been developed and incorporated into the HIPERPAV software, and results show that the moisture distribution and associated stress/strength developments are significantly affected by the model parameters, environmental, and construction conditions. New inputs were included in the software to define the experimentally determined hydration curve parameters to improve predictions of degree of hydration and portland cement concrete (PCC) temperature development. A batch mode was added for analysis of multiple strategies at once, and a comparison module was created that allow users to compare simulation results from multiple strategies and run sensitivity analysis for multiple variables.
E. Grimal, A. Sellier, S. Multon, E. Bourdarot
The alkali aggregate reaction (AAR) is affecting numerous civil engineering structures and is responsible for unrecoverable expansion and cracking which can affect their functional capacity. In order to control the safety level and the maintenance cost of its hydraulic dams, Electricité de France (EDF) has to get a better understanding and a better prediction of the expansion phenomena. In this context, EDF is developing a numerical modelling based on the finite element method in order to assess the mechanical behavior of degraded structures. Obtaining a good prediction of expansive phenomena requires the identification and realistic modelling of the underlying physical, chemical and mechanical phenomena. The model takes into account the mechanical damage, the creep of concrete and the stress induced by the formation of AAR gel. Coupling between the different phenomena (creep, AAR and anisotropic damage) are taken into account through a rheological modelling. First , experimental results obtained on concrete cylinders and beams affected by AAR are simulated to verify whether the model can describe the behavior of degraded structures.
A. Sellier, E. Bourdarot, E. Grimal, S. Multon, and M. Cyr
Alkali silica reaction (ASR) causes premature and unrecoverable deteriorations of numerous civil engineering structures. ASR-expansions and induced cracking can affect the functional capacity of bridges and dams. Several hydraulic dams of Electricité de France (EDF) are concerned by ASR. Therefore, a behaviour model implemented in a finite element code has been developed in order to assess the safety level and the maintenance choices of these degraded structures. This approach has the particularity of modelling the ASR structural effects from the construction of the structure until today. It uses several ASR advancement variables, one for each aggregate size range of the affected concrete. These advancement variables depend on both the saturation degree and the temperature in the dam. The difficulty of using a classical residual expansion test on core samples to fit the model is pointed out, particularly when the swelling rate is slow due to low alkali content in the concrete. Thus, the authors propose an original approach combining additional tests and physical modelling to assess the chemical advancement of the ASR for each aggregate size of the affected concrete. Only the chemical advancement, which is a normalized variable linked to the residual reactive silica content, is measured in laboratory. The concrete residual potential expansion is not measured on laboratory tests but fitted through an inverse analysis based on a finite element structural calculation.
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