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Title: Experimental Investigation on Fatigue Improvement of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck Using Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Author(s): Huawen Ye, Ao Huang, Chengchuan Jiang and Wenchao Wang

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 17


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: Composite bridge deck, SFRC, Full-scale test, Fatigue stress reduction factor, PPP-BOTDA

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-023-00607-2

Date: 9/30/2023

The high-performance topping concrete overlay would significantly reduce the fatigue stresses at susceptible details of orthotropic steel deck (OSD) and effectively improve the fatigue performance. Full-scale fatigue tests and numerical simulations were carried out to quantify the effects of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) topping pavement in reducing the OSD fatigue stresses based on a practical bridge design. Fatigue stress of the OSD critical details was measured from tests and cracking was observed in the SFRC overlay. Both an innovative pre-pump-pulse Brillouin optical time domain analysis (PPP-BOTDA) distributed optical fiber sensor and strain gauges were also used to measure the stress at OSD fatigue-prone details, including the crossbeam cut-out, rib-to-deck weld, rib-to-crossbeam weld and splice of U-rib. The corresponding three-dimensional (3-D) finite element model was then established and verified by the test results, and used to conduct a parametric study to obtain a quantitative expression of fatigue stress reduction factor, in terms of relative elastic modulus and thickness of overlay and steel deck plate. The proposed quantitative model of the fatigue stress reduction effect can guide the cost-effective design of composite bridge deck.