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Title: Freeze-Thaw Durability of GFRP and BFRP Rebars

Author(s): Raphael Kampmann, Carolin Martens, Srichand Telikapalli, and Alvaro Ruiz Emparanza

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 360


Appears on pages(s): 678-690

Keywords: basalt; glass; FRP; rebar; freeze-thaw cycles; durability; tensile strength; transverse shear strength; hori- zontal shear strength

DOI: 10.14359/51740656

Date: 3/1/2024

While reinforced concrete is one of the most used construction materials, traditional reinforcement steel may cause undesirable side effects, as corrosion and the associated volume changes can lead to damages in the concrete matrix and can cause spalling, which may significantly reduce the load-bearing capacity and service life of structures. Alternative reinforcement methods, such as glass or basalt fiber reinforced polymer rebars, can serve as a viable alter-native to reduce or eliminate some of the disadvantages associated with steel reinforcement. In addition to an increased tensile strength and a reduction in weight, fiber reinforced polymer rebars also offer a high corrosion resistance among other beneficial properties. Because these materials are not fully regulated yet and the durability properties have not been conclusively determined, further research is needed to evaluate the material durability properties of FRP rebars. To determine the durability properties of GFRP and BFRP rebars in cold climates, the freeze-thaw resistance of these materials was evaluated throughout this study. Specifically, two types of materials (basalt and glass reinforced polymers) and two common rebar sizes (8 mm (#2) and 16 mm (#5) diameters) were tested. To quantify the freeze-thaw-durability, tensile tests according to ASTM D7205, transverse shear strength tests in line with ASTM D7617, and horizontal shear strength tests as specified in ASTM D4475 were conducted on numerous virgin fiber rebars and on fiber rebars that were subjected to 80 and 160 freeze-thaw cycles. While the results from the virgin materials served as benchmark values, the measurements and analysis from the aged (by freeze-thaw cycles) materials were used to quantify and determine the strength retention capacity of these bars. The results showed that a higher number of freeze-thaw cycles lead to lower strength retention for some rebar types. In addition, it was seen that rebar products respond differently to the aging process; while some material properties notably deteriorated, other material properties were insignificantly affected.