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Title: Seismic Behavior of Monolithic Exterior Beam-Column Connections with Unbonded Post-Tensioning

Author(s): Sanghee Kim, Thomas H.-K. Kang, Donghyuk Jung, Byung Un Kwon, and Dong Joo Lee

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 120

Issue: 6

Appears on pages(s): 49-62

Keywords: cyclic test; exterior beam-column connection; high-strength concrete (HSC); joint shear demand; joint shear strength; monolithic connection; tendons; unbonded post-tensioning

DOI: 10.14359/51739085

Date: 11/1/2023

This paper presents experimental results on seismic behaviors of post-tensioned (PT) monolithic exterior beam-column connections. Lateral cyclic loading tests were carried out for six fullscale exterior beam-column joint subassemblies fabricated with normal- and high-strength materials. Despite substantial joint cover spalling, the normal-strength specimens exhibited satisfactory lateral strengths and hysteretic behaviors up to ±5% drift ratios by virtue of the confinement effect of post-tensioning. The high-strength PT specimens also showed stable hysteretic behaviors with significantly reduced joint damages. It was found that the post-tensioning can increase the joint shear strength by more than 60% in both types of specimens. Furthermore, the post-tensioning was effective in retaining the lateral stiffness of the beam-column joints under the repeated loads, especially in high-strength specimens, enabling them to maintain at least 90% of their first-cycle stiffnesses throughout the testing.