Title: Behavior of Anchor Bolts in Concrete Masonry with Lightweight Grout
Author(s): Rumi Shrestha, Hannah Kessler, Laura Redmond, Prasad Rangaraju
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s):
Keywords: anchor bolts, concrete masonry, lightweight aggregates, modification (lambda) factor, expanded clay, expanded slate
Lightweight (LW) aggregates improve fire resistance, moisture resistance, and durability in addition to reducing the self-weight of concrete. However, the ACI 318 code includes a modification factor (lambda) to account for reduced tensile capacity in LW concrete. LW aggregates are not currently permitted for use in masonry grout due to a lack of test data to establish appropriate modification factors for the TMS 402/602 code. This study is a pilot study that aims to experimentally determine how the tensile breakout and shear breakout capacity of cast-in-place bent-bar anchors in masonry assemblies with LW grout compare with the predictions of TMS 402-16 for anchors in normal weight (NW) grout and with results in the literature for assemblies using NW grout and see if additional testing would be needed to determine a lambda factor for shear and tensile behavior of LW grout. The results indicate that a reduction factor for bent-bar anchor bolts in masonry constructed with LW grout may not be needed, but additional testing should be conducted with smaller bar diameters to demonstrate the consistency of these results across bar sizes.