Characterization of Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Aggregate for Concrete
Andrea Filippi, Maddalena Carsana, Federica Lollini, Elena Redaelli
Appears on pages(s):
recycled aggregate; concrete; RAP; circular economy
The milling of road pavements produces a granular material (called recycled asphalt pavement, RAP) whose size and distribution are suitable for its use as aggregate in concrete. The use of RAP as aggregate in concrete would have a twofold beneficial effect: reducing the amount of wasted asphalt and limiting the consumption of natural aggregates. In view of an assessment of the actual environmental benefits of concrete made with RAP aggregate, a thorough evaluation of its performance needs to be carried out, both on the short term (e.g., workability, shrinkage) and on the long term (e.g., resistance to aggressive environment and protection of embedded reinforcement from corrosion). Structural and mechanical properties (e.g., compressive strength, modulus of elasticity) also need to be assessed. This note presents the preliminary results of laboratory tests aimed at the characterization of RAP as aggregate to produce concrete. The characterization included analyses of size distribution by sieving, assessment of fine, chloride content, ESEM observations and XRD analyses, moisture content, and water absorption. Tests were performed on batches of RAP coming from different production plants to assess the variability and also, for comparison, on natural limestone aggregate. Results show a particle size distribution with a good replicability within the same site; all particle size fractions seem to be covered and the maximum diameter is around 21-22 mm. Regarding the microstructure of the aggregates, this is practically the same as for natural aggregates, except for the bituminous coating. The chloride content was negligible. Water absorption is higher compared to values of natural aggregates, probably because of surface dust layers and various impurities, which soak more water.