Title: Post-peak Behaviour of Composite Column Using a Ductile Lightweight Aggregate Concrete
Author(s): Mohammad Reza Hamidian and Payam Shafigh
Appears on pages(s):
Keywords: composite column, post-peck behaviour, ductile lightweight aggregate, CFT column, oil palm shell lightweight concrete, agricultural waste material
Oil palm shell (OPS) concrete filled steel tube (CFT) columns are acknowledged to be a new type of sustainable com-posite column. In this type of column, the conventional coarse aggregate was partially replaced with OPS lightweight aggregate to provide a green composite column. This type of CFT column showed higher energy absorption and flexibility compared to CFT columns with normal weight concrete. This research studied the effect of the strength of OPS concrete on the axial compressive behaviour of CFT columns for two grades of OPS concretes. The behaviour was comparable to that of CFT columns with two grades of normal concrete. The results showed that the CFT columns with OPS concrete achieved a new post-peak behaviour. The experimental results of the axial compressive load were compared with the estimation of two international standards. EC4-1994 and ACI318-14 showed a reliable and con-servative estimation of the axial load capacity of CFT columns, respectively.