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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Early-Age Cracking of Lightweight Mass Concrete
Author(s): Aravind Tankasala and Anton K. Schindler
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 223-232
Keywords: lightweight aggregates; setting; stress development; temperature development; thermal effects
Abstract:In this project, the effect of using lightweight aggregate (expanded slate) on the early-age cracking tendency of mass concrete mixtures was evaluated. Concretes representative of mass concrete mixtures—namely, normal-weight concrete, internally cured concrete, sand-lightweight concrete, and all-lightweight concrete—at two different water-cementitious materials ratios (0.38 and 0.45) were tested in cracking frames from the time of setting until the onset of cracking. The development of early-age concrete stresses caused by autogenous and thermal shrinkage effects were measured from setting to cracking. The behavior of concretes containing lightweight aggregates was compared with normal-weight concrete placed under temperature conditions simulating fall placement in mass concrete applications. Increasing the amount of pre-wetted lightweight aggregates in concrete results in systematic decrease in density, reduced modulus of elasticity, and reduced coefficient of thermal expansion. All these factors effectively improve the concrete’s early-age cracking resistance in mass concrete applications.
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